Primitivism is a painting style that originated in the XIX-XX centuries. The primitivists intentionally simplified the picture, making its forms primitive, like folk art, the work of a child or a primitive person. The main difference from naive art: naive is the painting of lay people, and primitivism is the stylized painting of professionals. The most famous artists in this direction are Marc Chagall, Niko Pirosmani.
Primitivism – Art Naive – “Painting of seven Sundays a week” is the art of people who have not lost a Child in their soul. This is “middle art”, torn off from the folklore “earth” and not raised to the scientific and artistic “sky”. Its roots go back to the childhood of mankind, when art was inseparable from life. There was no difference between a hunter and an artist, a mistress and a dancer. There was only a separation between men and women. Continue reading
Luchism (rayonismus, from the French.rayon – ray) is an art school in Russian art of the 1910s, associated with the names of Mikhail Larionov and Natalia Goncharova.
In 1913, at the Target exhibition, luchism was introduced to the general public as a new trend in modern painting. In the same year, a manifesto was published revealing the principles of rayism: the purpose of painting is to convey the fourth dimension, where other pictorial laws and techniques rule. The artist should not depict the objects themselves (visible forms), but the color rays reflected from them (internal essence); convey on the canvas the impressions arising from the meeting in the space of intersecting light and energy rays of various objects. Continue reading
Gothic (from Italian. Gotico – unusual, barbaric) is a period in the development of medieval art, covering almost all areas of culture and developing in Western, Central and partly Eastern Europe from the 12th to the 15th centuries. Gothic completed the development of European medieval art, arising on the basis of the achievements of Romanesque culture, and in the Renaissance, medieval art was considered “barbaric”. Gothic art was religious in purpose and religious in theme. It appealed to the higher divine powers, eternity, the Christian worldview. Gothic in its development is divided into Early Gothic, Heyday, Late Gothic.
The gothic style masterpieces are the famous European cathedrals, which are so loved by tourists in great detail. In the design of the interiors of Gothic cathedrals, an important role was given to color solutions. An abundance of gilding reigned in the exterior and interior decoration, the luminosity of the interior, the openwork of the walls, and the crystalline dissection of space. Matter was deprived of heaviness and impenetrability, it was, as it were, spiritualized. Continue reading