Avant-gardism
Avant-gardism (from the French avant-garde - advanced detachment) - a set of experimental, modernist, emphasized unusual, exploratory endeavors in the art of the 20th century. The avant-garde directions are: Fauvism,…

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Art Nouveau
Art Nouveau (from the French art nouveau, literally - new art) is the name of the modern style common in many countries (Belgium, France, England, the USA, etc.). The most…

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Anachronism
Anachronism (from the Greek. Ana - back and hronos - time), another name - hyper-Mannerism - one of the directions of postmodernism, offering an author's interpretation of the art of…

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underground

Primitivism

Primitivism is a painting style that originated in the XIX-XX centuries. The primitivists intentionally simplified the picture, making its forms primitive, like folk art, the work of a child or a primitive person. The main difference from naive art: naive is the painting of lay people, and primitivism is the stylized painting of professionals. The most famous artists in this direction are Marc Chagall, Niko Pirosmani.

Primitivism – Art Naive – “Painting of seven Sundays a week” is the art of people who have not lost a Child in their soul. This is “middle art”, torn off from the folklore “earth” and not raised to the scientific and artistic “sky”. Its roots go back to the childhood of mankind, when art was inseparable from life. There was no difference between a hunter and an artist, a mistress and a dancer. There was only a separation between men and women. Continue reading

Luchism

Luchism (rayonismus, from the French.rayon – ray) is an art school in Russian art of the 1910s, associated with the names of Mikhail Larionov and Natalia Goncharova.

In 1913, at the Target exhibition, luchism was introduced to the general public as a new trend in modern painting. In the same year, a manifesto was published revealing the principles of rayism: the purpose of painting is to convey the fourth dimension, where other pictorial laws and techniques rule. The artist should not depict the objects themselves (visible forms), but the color rays reflected from them (internal essence); convey on the canvas the impressions arising from the meeting in the space of intersecting light and energy rays of various objects. Continue reading

Underground

Underground (from the English underground – underground, underground) is a series of artistic trends in contemporary art that oppose themselves to mass culture and the mainstream. The underground rejects and violates the political, moral and ethical orientations and types of behavior accepted in society, introducing asocial behavior into everyday life. In the Soviet period, due to the severity of the regime, almost all unofficial, i.e. not recognized by the authorities, art turned out to be underground.

Underground – in the narrow sense – any non-commercial, experimental art; in the broad – the concept and phenomenon that arose in the United States in the late 1950s. and meaning “underground” culture as an integral part of the so-called counterculture, which contrasted itself with the restrictions and conventions that prevailed in the culture society.

The art of underground, imbued with the spirit of dissidentism. It rejects and violates the political, moral and ethical orientations and types of behavior accepted in society, introducing asocial behavior into everyday life. Continue reading

Dadaism
Dadaism (descended from French dadaisme, dada - a wooden horse; figuratively - incoherent baby talk) is a modernist literary and artistic movement of 1916-1922, which is characterized by conscious irrationalism…

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Neorealism
Neorealism is an art movement that was developed in the visual arts in the middle of the 20th century in a number of European countries and in the United States,…

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Mannerism
Mannerism (Mannerism, Italian. Maniera - style, manner), a term used in the theory of fine art. He became popular thanks to the artist and biographer of the 16th century Vasari,…

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Arte povera
Arte povera (ital. Arte povera - poor art) - the direction of the avant-garde that took shape in Italian art in the late 1960s and early 1970s. and widely used…

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