Primitivism is a painting style that originated in the XIX-XX centuries. The primitivists intentionally simplified the picture, making its forms primitive, like folk art, the work of a child or a primitive person. The main difference from naive art: naive is the painting of lay people, and primitivism is the stylized painting of professionals. The most famous artists in this direction are Marc Chagall, Niko Pirosmani.
Primitivism – Art Naive – “Painting of seven Sundays a week” is the art of people who have not lost a Child in their soul. This is “middle art”, torn off from the folklore “earth” and not raised to the scientific and artistic “sky”. Its roots go back to the childhood of mankind, when art was inseparable from life. There was no difference between a hunter and an artist, a mistress and a dancer. There was only a separation between men and women. Continue reading
Luchism (rayonismus, from the French.rayon – ray) is an art school in Russian art of the 1910s, associated with the names of Mikhail Larionov and Natalia Goncharova.
In 1913, at the Target exhibition, luchism was introduced to the general public as a new trend in modern painting. In the same year, a manifesto was published revealing the principles of rayism: the purpose of painting is to convey the fourth dimension, where other pictorial laws and techniques rule. The artist should not depict the objects themselves (visible forms), but the color rays reflected from them (internal essence); convey on the canvas the impressions arising from the meeting in the space of intersecting light and energy rays of various objects. Continue reading
Anachronism (from the Greek. Ana – back and hronos – time), another name – hyper-Mannerism – one of the directions of postmodernism, offering an author’s interpretation of the art of the past. Anachronism arose in the late 1970s. in Italy, later in France. Masters of Anachronism: Carlo Maria Mariani, Omar Galliani, Luigi Ontani, Stefano di Stacio, Ubaldo Bartolini, Antonio Abbate, Jean Garuy.
As a result of the denial of modernism (i.e., the avant-garde trend in art), postmodernism proclaimed its goal to return to the old, pre-modern forms, historical traditions and styles of the centuries-old culture. In search of new forms, postmodern artists mix artistic styles and languages of different eras and cultures, creating on this basis an individual mythology correlated with the personal experience of the author. Often such borrowings are witty when the artist, appealing to a variety of picturesque quotes and references, comes up with a kind of hypothetical culture and, according to the given rules, “creates” its images. Continue reading