Academism (from the French academisme) is a direction in European painting of the 16th-19th centuries. It was based on dogmatic following the external forms of classical art. Followers characterized this style as a discourse on the art form of the ancient ancient world and the Renaissance. Academism replenished the traditions of ancient art, in which the image of nature was idealized, while compensating for the norm of beauty. Annibale, Agostino and Lodovico Carracci wrote in this style.
The history of the development of Academism is associated with the “Academy of the Right Path” in Bologna (c. 1585), the French Royal Academy of Painting and Sculpture (1648) and the Russian Academy of Three Noble Arts (1757).
The activities of all the academies were based on a strictly regulated educational system, focused on the great achievements of previous eras – antiquity and the Italian Renaissance, from which the individual qualities of classical art that were accepted as ideal and unsurpassed were consciously selected. Continue reading