Cubism
Cubism (from French cubisme, came from cube - cube) is a modernist trend in painting of the early twentieth century, which highlighted the formal task of constructing volumetric shapes on…

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Orphism
Orphism (French orphisme, named after the character of the ancient Greek mythology of the singer Orpheus) is a trend in European painting of the 1910s, close to cubism and futurism.…

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Hyperrealism, photorealism, superrealism
Hyperrealism, photorealism, superrealism - a style in painting and sculpture, based on the photorealization of the object. Hyperrealism arose in the USA in the middle of the 20th century. The…

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surrounding

The new materiality

The new materiality (German Neue Sachlichkeit) is an art movement in German art of the 1920s – early 1930s, which represented the tradition of neoclassicism in the general context of the development of modernist art. The authorship of the term “New materiality” belongs to the director of the art gallery in Mannheim, G. Hartlaub, who called the direction of the “search for new materiality” an exhibition of works by young artists that took place at him in 1925. This trend, not formalized organizationally and sufficiently broad (due to the belonging of artists from different lands of Germany), existed until fascism came to power in 1933.

The participants in the New Materiality movement, striving to counter the alarming ecstasy of expressionism, proclaimed a “return to a positive and concrete reality.” Continue reading

Arte povera

Arte povera (ital. Arte povera – poor art) – the direction of the avant-garde that took shape in Italian art in the late 1960s and early 1970s. and widely used in other European countries. It was based on the creation of installations from industrial and natural facilities, with preference being given to the simplest, “poorest” materials (such as earth, sand, coal, garbage, basic household items, old worn clothes and shoes, etc. )

The Arte Povera movement arose as a response to the increased intellectualism and rationalism of minimalism and conceptualism, with their expensive materials and technologies for making objects of art. The artists of Arte Povera, creating their works, turned to the “world of simple things” that immediately surround a person, sought to reveal a special poetics of the ordinary, playing in contrasts – tearing things out of their usual context and putting them in a different reality, the reality of magnificent palace halls and museum rooms. Continue reading

Color field painting
Color field painting (from the English color field) is an abstract painting style that arose in New York City in the 1940-1950s. She was inspired by European modernism and was…

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Abstractionism
Abstractionism (from Latin abstraction– distraction, removal) is one of the directions in the art of the 20th century, the essence of which was the complete rejection of the depiction of…

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Cubofuturism
Cubofuturism is a trend in the art of avant-garde in the early twentieth century, combining the achievements of Italian futurists and French cubists. In the visual arts, cubofuturism arose on…

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Neorealism
Neorealism is an art movement that was developed in the visual arts in the middle of the 20th century in a number of European countries and in the United States,…

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