The new materiality (German Neue Sachlichkeit) is an art movement in German art of the 1920s – early 1930s, which represented the tradition of neoclassicism in the general context of the development of modernist art. The authorship of the term “New materiality” belongs to the director of the art gallery in Mannheim, G. Hartlaub, who called the direction of the “search for new materiality” an exhibition of works by young artists that took place at him in 1925. This trend, not formalized organizationally and sufficiently broad (due to the belonging of artists from different lands of Germany), existed until fascism came to power in 1933.
The participants in the New Materiality movement, striving to counter the alarming ecstasy of expressionism, proclaimed a “return to a positive and concrete reality.” Continue reading
Arte povera (ital. Arte povera – poor art) – the direction of the avant-garde that took shape in Italian art in the late 1960s and early 1970s. and widely used in other European countries. It was based on the creation of installations from industrial and natural facilities, with preference being given to the simplest, “poorest” materials (such as earth, sand, coal, garbage, basic household items, old worn clothes and shoes, etc. )
The Arte Povera movement arose as a response to the increased intellectualism and rationalism of minimalism and conceptualism, with their expensive materials and technologies for making objects of art. The artists of Arte Povera, creating their works, turned to the “world of simple things” that immediately surround a person, sought to reveal a special poetics of the ordinary, playing in contrasts – tearing things out of their usual context and putting them in a different reality, the reality of magnificent palace halls and museum rooms. Continue reading