The new materiality (German Neue Sachlichkeit) is an art movement in German art of the 1920s – early 1930s, which represented the tradition of neoclassicism in the general context of the development of modernist art. The authorship of the term “New materiality” belongs to the director of the art gallery in Mannheim, G. Hartlaub, who called the direction of the “search for new materiality” an exhibition of works by young artists that took place at him in 1925. This trend, not formalized organizationally and sufficiently broad (due to the belonging of artists from different lands of Germany), existed until fascism came to power in 1933.
The participants in the New Materiality movement, striving to counter the alarming ecstasy of expressionism, proclaimed a “return to a positive and concrete reality.” Continue reading
Metarealism (came from the Greek meta – between, after, through, and gealis – material, real) is the realism of many realities connected by the continuity of metabolic transformations and state changes. There is a reality open to the ant’s vision, and a reality open to the wandering of an electron, and a reality folded into a mathematical formula. The metareal image, metamorphosis, metabolism is a way of interconnecting all these realities, affirming their growing unity.
Metarealism is a style in Russian literature and art that took shape in the 70s, but gained fame in the 80s. Representatives of metarealism. In poetry – I. Zhdanov, O. Sedakova, V. Aristov, A. Parshchikov, I. Kutik, A. Eremenko, V. Salimon and others. In painting: E. Dybsky, Z. Sherman, E. Gor, B .Morkovnikov, A. Tsedlik and others. Continue reading
Baroque (from Italian. Barocco – strange, bizarre) – from the end of the XVI to the middle of the XVIII centuries. was the mainstream dominating in Europe and America. A distinctive feature of Baroque is the striving for a solemn “great style”, which reflects the complexity, diversity and variability of the world. Baroque is characterized by contrast, tension, dynamic images, affectation, a tendency to majesty and splendor, to a combination of reality and illusory, to the fusion of arts. The tendency towards the autonomy of certain genres (concerto grosso, sonata, suite in instrumental music) continued. Baroque architecture is notable for its spatial scope, cohesion, fluidity of complex, usually curved forms, for painting and sculpture – these are ceremonial portraits and spectacular decorative compositions. Baroque principles were used in literature, music and theater. Baroque is characterized by a variety of national options (Baroque of Slavic countries). The center for the development of baroque is Italy, it was in such cities as Rome, Mantova, Venice, Florence that this current was born. Continue reading