The new materiality (German Neue Sachlichkeit) is an art movement in German art of the 1920s – early 1930s, which represented the tradition of neoclassicism in the general context of the development of modernist art. The authorship of the term “New materiality” belongs to the director of the art gallery in Mannheim, G. Hartlaub, who called the direction of the “search for new materiality” an exhibition of works by young artists that took place at him in 1925. This trend, not formalized organizationally and sufficiently broad (due to the belonging of artists from different lands of Germany), existed until fascism came to power in 1933.
The participants in the New Materiality movement, striving to counter the alarming ecstasy of expressionism, proclaimed a “return to a positive and concrete reality.” Continue reading
Metarealism (came from the Greek meta – between, after, through, and gealis – material, real) is the realism of many realities connected by the continuity of metabolic transformations and state changes. There is a reality open to the ant’s vision, and a reality open to the wandering of an electron, and a reality folded into a mathematical formula. The metareal image, metamorphosis, metabolism is a way of interconnecting all these realities, affirming their growing unity.
Metarealism is a style in Russian literature and art that took shape in the 70s, but gained fame in the 80s. Representatives of metarealism. In poetry – I. Zhdanov, O. Sedakova, V. Aristov, A. Parshchikov, I. Kutik, A. Eremenko, V. Salimon and others. In painting: E. Dybsky, Z. Sherman, E. Gor, B .Morkovnikov, A. Tsedlik and others. Continue reading
Art Deco (from the French art deco, abbr. From decoratif) – a direction in art in the middle of the 20th century, which marked the synthesis of avant-garde and neoclassicism, replaced constructivism. Distinctive features of this trend: fatigue, geometric lines, luxury, chic, expensive materials (ivory, crocodile skin). The most famous artist in this direction is Tamara de Lempicka (1898-1980).
Art Deco is an eclectic design style. French style name “Art deco” was determined by the results of the exhibition “Internationale des Arts Decoratifs Industriels et Modernes”, held in Paris in 1925. Among the most prominent representatives of the style, it is worth noting Rene Lalique, Tamara de Lempicka, Pauls Manship, Raymond Goode, as well as William van Alens. The main principle of the art deco style is the dominance of form, design and color. The surrounding ornament goes into the background. The work uses bright color shades. Preference is given to stylized abstract motifs instead of natural ones. Continue reading