The new materiality (German Neue Sachlichkeit) is an art movement in German art of the 1920s – early 1930s, which represented the tradition of neoclassicism in the general context of the development of modernist art. The authorship of the term “New materiality” belongs to the director of the art gallery in Mannheim, G. Hartlaub, who called the direction of the “search for new materiality” an exhibition of works by young artists that took place at him in 1925. This trend, not formalized organizationally and sufficiently broad (due to the belonging of artists from different lands of Germany), existed until fascism came to power in 1933.
The participants in the New Materiality movement, striving to counter the alarming ecstasy of expressionism, proclaimed a “return to a positive and concrete reality.” Continue reading
Metarealism (came from the Greek meta – between, after, through, and gealis – material, real) is the realism of many realities connected by the continuity of metabolic transformations and state changes. There is a reality open to the ant’s vision, and a reality open to the wandering of an electron, and a reality folded into a mathematical formula. The metareal image, metamorphosis, metabolism is a way of interconnecting all these realities, affirming their growing unity.
Metarealism is a style in Russian literature and art that took shape in the 70s, but gained fame in the 80s. Representatives of metarealism. In poetry – I. Zhdanov, O. Sedakova, V. Aristov, A. Parshchikov, I. Kutik, A. Eremenko, V. Salimon and others. In painting: E. Dybsky, Z. Sherman, E. Gor, B .Morkovnikov, A. Tsedlik and others. Continue reading
Hyperrealism, photorealism, superrealism – a style in painting and sculpture, based on the photorealization of the object. Hyperrealism arose in the USA in the middle of the 20th century. The main goal of hyperrealism is to show reality.
Hyperrealism (eng. Hyperrealism – superrealism; other names – superrealism, photorealism, cold realism, radical realism) is an artistic direction in painting and sculpture that arose in the USA in the 1960s and spread in the 1970s. in Europe.
Being a form of figurative art, hyperrealism is based on thorough accuracy and detail in reproducing reality that mimics the specifics of photography. The works of hyperrealists are detailed photographs enlarged to the size of a large canvas. Continue reading