Primitivism
Primitivism is a painting style that originated in the XIX-XX centuries. The primitivists intentionally simplified the picture, making its forms primitive, like folk art, the work of a child or…

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Color field painting
Color field painting (from the English color field) is an abstract painting style that arose in New York City in the 1940-1950s. She was inspired by European modernism and was…

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Empire
Empire (from the French. Empire - empire) - a style in architecture and decorative art that arose in France at the beginning of the 19th century, during the First Empire…

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new style

Neo-impressionism

Neo-impressionism – (French neoimpressionisme) – a kind of post-impressionism; the artistic direction in painting that arose in France around 1885, the main theorist and inspirer of which was Georges Seurat.

Developing the artistic and aesthetic principles of late impressionism, which showed an increased interest in optical phenomena in nature, neo-impressionists sought to bring to a logical conclusion the empirical findings of their predecessors based on scientific achievements, to convey with the help of pictorial techniques all the wealth of optical effects.

The main pictorial method of the new trend was divisionism – a system based on the purposeful decomposition of a complex color tone into pure colors, which were applied to the canvas with separate strokes. Based on divisionism, Seurat and Signac developed an unusual writing technique – pointillism, which consisted in the fact that paints were applied to the canvas in the form of small dots and squares Continue reading

Constructivism

Constructivism is a trend in Soviet art of the 1920s. XX century The proponents of constructivism, having put forward the task of constructing an environment that actively guides life processes, sought to comprehend the formative capabilities of new technology, its logical, appropriate designs, as well as the aesthetic capabilities of materials such as metal, glass, wood. Conspicuity, constructivists sought to contrast the simplicity and emphasized utilitarianism of new subject forms, in which they saw the reification of democracy and new relationships between people.

Constructive artists with enviable persistence began to put their ideas into practice. Based on simple materials (metal, concrete, glass), they created concise things for modern everyday life, thereby simplifying the lives of people. The idea of ​​subordinating architectural volumes melted in their minds.With the use of more durable materials, the need for rigid frames was sharply reduced and the decorative elements of the composition went far beyond the necessary limits, notes of unhealthy expressionism appeared. In the buildings of the new generation, there was no feeling of power and tension, and the bloated form caused a double attitude. Continue reading

Kinetic art

Kinetic art – (came from the Greek. Kineticos – driving) – the trend in modern art, associated with the widespread use of moving objects, which is based on the idea of ​​the movement of form. By the dynamics of an object is meant not just its physical movement, but any change, transformation, in a word, any form of the “life” of a work while the viewer contemplates it.

Elements of kinetism, i.e. the desire to “revive”, for example, sculpture existed from ancient times. In a folk toy (northern spill bird or a Bogorodskaya toy), in theatrical scenography, in automatic dolls, you can find the embryos of kinetic art. The constructivist artists were particularly active in their searches in this area in the 1920s and 1930s. The twentieth century, trying to materialize the idea of ​​movement and give their works more activity in interaction with the environment. The heyday of kinetism in world art came in the 1950-60s. (then the term was born). Continue reading

Hard edges painting
Hard edges painting (from the English hard edge) is the direction of abstract painting of the 2nd half of the 20th century, in which color spots are separated by hard…

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Luchism
Luchism (rayonismus, from the French.rayon - ray) is an art school in Russian art of the 1910s, associated with the names of Mikhail Larionov and Natalia Goncharova. In 1913, at…

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Metarealism
Metarealism (came from the Greek meta - between, after, through, and gealis - material, real) is the realism of many realities connected by the continuity of metabolic transformations and state…

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Verism
Verism (from Italian. Il verismo, from the word vero - true, truthful) is a realistic trend in Italian fine art of the late 19th century. The term originated in the…

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