Neo-impressionism – (French neoimpressionisme) – a kind of post-impressionism; the artistic direction in painting that arose in France around 1885, the main theorist and inspirer of which was Georges Seurat.
Developing the artistic and aesthetic principles of late impressionism, which showed an increased interest in optical phenomena in nature, neo-impressionists sought to bring to a logical conclusion the empirical findings of their predecessors based on scientific achievements, to convey with the help of pictorial techniques all the wealth of optical effects.
The main pictorial method of the new trend was divisionism – a system based on the purposeful decomposition of a complex color tone into pure colors, which were applied to the canvas with separate strokes. Based on divisionism, Seurat and Signac developed an unusual writing technique – pointillism, which consisted in the fact that paints were applied to the canvas in the form of small dots and squares Continue reading
Constructivism is a trend in Soviet art of the 1920s. XX century The proponents of constructivism, having put forward the task of constructing an environment that actively guides life processes, sought to comprehend the formative capabilities of new technology, its logical, appropriate designs, as well as the aesthetic capabilities of materials such as metal, glass, wood. Conspicuity, constructivists sought to contrast the simplicity and emphasized utilitarianism of new subject forms, in which they saw the reification of democracy and new relationships between people.
Constructive artists with enviable persistence began to put their ideas into practice. Based on simple materials (metal, concrete, glass), they created concise things for modern everyday life, thereby simplifying the lives of people. The idea of subordinating architectural volumes melted in their minds.With the use of more durable materials, the need for rigid frames was sharply reduced and the decorative elements of the composition went far beyond the necessary limits, notes of unhealthy expressionism appeared. In the buildings of the new generation, there was no feeling of power and tension, and the bloated form caused a double attitude. Continue reading
Kinetic art – (came from the Greek. Kineticos – driving) – the trend in modern art, associated with the widespread use of moving objects, which is based on the idea of the movement of form. By the dynamics of an object is meant not just its physical movement, but any change, transformation, in a word, any form of the “life” of a work while the viewer contemplates it.
Elements of kinetism, i.e. the desire to “revive”, for example, sculpture existed from ancient times. In a folk toy (northern spill bird or a Bogorodskaya toy), in theatrical scenography, in automatic dolls, you can find the embryos of kinetic art. The constructivist artists were particularly active in their searches in this area in the 1920s and 1930s. The twentieth century, trying to materialize the idea of movement and give their works more activity in interaction with the environment. The heyday of kinetism in world art came in the 1950-60s. (then the term was born). Continue reading