Neo-impressionism – (French neoimpressionisme) – a kind of post-impressionism; the artistic direction in painting that arose in France around 1885, the main theorist and inspirer of which was Georges Seurat.
Developing the artistic and aesthetic principles of late impressionism, which showed an increased interest in optical phenomena in nature, neo-impressionists sought to bring to a logical conclusion the empirical findings of their predecessors based on scientific achievements, to convey with the help of pictorial techniques all the wealth of optical effects.
The main pictorial method of the new trend was divisionism – a system based on the purposeful decomposition of a complex color tone into pure colors, which were applied to the canvas with separate strokes. Based on divisionism, Seurat and Signac developed an unusual writing technique – pointillism, which consisted in the fact that paints were applied to the canvas in the form of small dots and squares Continue reading
Modernism (came from Italian. Modernismo – “modern movement”) – the general name of the directions of art and literature of the late 19-20 century: cubism, Dada, surrealism, modern, futurism, expressionism, abstract art, functionalism, neo-impressionism, post-impressionism, etc. .
Modernism is a set of artistic trends that arose in art in the form of new forms of creativity, in which not so much following the spirit of nature and tradition prevailed, but rather the free look of a master creator who changes the visible world at his discretion, following his personal impression, inner idea or mystical dream . The most significant modernist trends were impressionism, symbolism and modernism, although this includes expressionism, neo- and post-impressionism, Fauvism, cubism, futurism and later movements – abstract art, Dada, surrealism. Continue reading
Constructivism is a trend in Soviet art of the 1920s. XX century The proponents of constructivism, having put forward the task of constructing an environment that actively guides life processes, sought to comprehend the formative capabilities of new technology, its logical, appropriate designs, as well as the aesthetic capabilities of materials such as metal, glass, wood. Conspicuity, constructivists sought to contrast the simplicity and emphasized utilitarianism of new subject forms, in which they saw the reification of democracy and new relationships between people.
Constructive artists with enviable persistence began to put their ideas into practice. Based on simple materials (metal, concrete, glass), they created concise things for modern everyday life, thereby simplifying the lives of people. The idea of subordinating architectural volumes melted in their minds.With the use of more durable materials, the need for rigid frames was sharply reduced and the decorative elements of the composition went far beyond the necessary limits, notes of unhealthy expressionism appeared. In the buildings of the new generation, there was no feeling of power and tension, and the bloated form caused a double attitude. Continue reading