Naturalism
Naturalism - (French naturalisme, from lat. Natura - nature) - a direction in literature and art that developed in the last third of the XIX century in Europe and the…

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Primitivism
Primitivism. Naive art (From lat. Primitivus - the first, earliest) is the general name of the work of unprofessional artists of the late XIX-XX centuries, not familiar with literacy and…

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Constructivism
Constructivism is a trend in Soviet art of the 1920s. XX century The proponents of constructivism, having put forward the task of constructing an environment that actively guides life processes,…

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monumentality

Constructivism

Constructivism is a trend in Soviet art of the 1920s. XX century The proponents of constructivism, having put forward the task of constructing an environment that actively guides life processes, sought to comprehend the formative capabilities of new technology, its logical, appropriate designs, as well as the aesthetic capabilities of materials such as metal, glass, wood. Conspicuity, constructivists sought to contrast the simplicity and emphasized utilitarianism of new subject forms, in which they saw the reification of democracy and new relationships between people.

Constructive artists with enviable persistence began to put their ideas into practice. Based on simple materials (metal, concrete, glass), they created concise things for modern everyday life, thereby simplifying the lives of people. The idea of ​​subordinating architectural volumes melted in their minds.With the use of more durable materials, the need for rigid frames was sharply reduced and the decorative elements of the composition went far beyond the necessary limits, notes of unhealthy expressionism appeared. In the buildings of the new generation, there was no feeling of power and tension, and the bloated form caused a double attitude. Continue reading

Empire

Empire (from the French. Empire – empire) – a style in architecture and decorative art that arose in France at the beginning of the 19th century, during the First Empire of Napoleon Bonaparte. Empire is the final development of classicism. For the embodiment of majesty, sophistication, luxury, power and military strength, Ampiru is characterized by an appeal to ancient art: ancient Egyptian decorative forms (trophies, winged sphinxes …), Etruscan vases, Pompeii paintings, Greek and Roman decor, Renaissance frescoes and ornaments. The main representative of this style was J.L. David (paintings “The Oath of Horatius” (1784), “Brutus” (1789))

The predecessor of the Empire style – classicism – placed human dignity above all. Architecture was strictly proportionate to this virtue. The empire came in order to affirm the absolute superiority of the emperor over peoples and countries. The name of the style, derived from the French. “Empire,” speaks for itself quite loudly – “empire.” The empire is also called late classicism, since it was born along with the ambitions of the Emperor Napoleon Bonaparte and a negligible period of 30 years reigned. Continue reading

The new materiality
The new materiality (German Neue Sachlichkeit) is an art movement in German art of the 1920s - early 1930s, which represented the tradition of neoclassicism in the general context of…

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Impressionism
Impressionism (from French impression - impression) is a trend in European painting that originated in France in the mid-19th century. Impressionists avoided all the details in the drawing and tried…

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Gothic
Gothic (from Italian. Gotico - unusual, barbaric) is a period in the development of medieval art, covering almost all areas of culture and developing in Western, Central and partly Eastern…

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Neo-impressionism
Neo-impressionism - (French neoimpressionisme) - a kind of post-impressionism; the artistic direction in painting that arose in France around 1885, the main theorist and inspirer of which was Georges Seurat.…

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