Neo-impressionism – (French neoimpressionisme) – a kind of post-impressionism; the artistic direction in painting that arose in France around 1885, the main theorist and inspirer of which was Georges Seurat.
Developing the artistic and aesthetic principles of late impressionism, which showed an increased interest in optical phenomena in nature, neo-impressionists sought to bring to a logical conclusion the empirical findings of their predecessors based on scientific achievements, to convey with the help of pictorial techniques all the wealth of optical effects.
The main pictorial method of the new trend was divisionism – a system based on the purposeful decomposition of a complex color tone into pure colors, which were applied to the canvas with separate strokes. Based on divisionism, Seurat and Signac developed an unusual writing technique – pointillism, which consisted in the fact that paints were applied to the canvas in the form of small dots and squares Continue reading
Art Nouveau (came from the French moderne – the newest, most modern) – style in European and American style on the shore of the XIX-XX centuries. Art Nouveau reinterpreted and stylized the features of the art of different epoxes, and worked out appropriate techniques, based on the principle of asymmetry, ornamentality and decorativeness. Its distinctive features are: the rejection of straight lines and angles in favor of more natural, natural lines. This is not only a matter of interest to the solid components in the products, but their size is also very small, and they are very small in size. Artists who wrote in the Art Nouveau style: Paul Gauguin (1848-1903), Gustav Klimt (1862-1918), Alphonse Mucha.
Art Nouveau painting was filled with the poetics of symbolism, combining its characteristic images with a complex rhythm, a linear composition in conjunction with a decorative color spot. Signs of the Art Nouveau style are considered to be a special smoothness of forms, elongated figures, underlined contours, clear monochromatic surfaces. Continue reading
Kinetic art – (came from the Greek. Kineticos – driving) – the trend in modern art, associated with the widespread use of moving objects, which is based on the idea of the movement of form. By the dynamics of an object is meant not just its physical movement, but any change, transformation, in a word, any form of the “life” of a work while the viewer contemplates it.
Elements of kinetism, i.e. the desire to “revive”, for example, sculpture existed from ancient times. In a folk toy (northern spill bird or a Bogorodskaya toy), in theatrical scenography, in automatic dolls, you can find the embryos of kinetic art. The constructivist artists were particularly active in their searches in this area in the 1920s and 1930s. The twentieth century, trying to materialize the idea of movement and give their works more activity in interaction with the environment. The heyday of kinetism in world art came in the 1950-60s. (then the term was born). Continue reading