Art Nouveau (came from the French moderne – the newest, most modern) – style in European and American style on the shore of the XIX-XX centuries. Art Nouveau reinterpreted and stylized the features of the art of different epoxes, and worked out appropriate techniques, based on the principle of asymmetry, ornamentality and decorativeness. Its distinctive features are: the rejection of straight lines and angles in favor of more natural, natural lines. This is not only a matter of interest to the solid components in the products, but their size is also very small, and they are very small in size. Artists who wrote in the Art Nouveau style: Paul Gauguin (1848-1903), Gustav Klimt (1862-1918), Alphonse Mucha.
Art Nouveau painting was filled with the poetics of symbolism, combining its characteristic images with a complex rhythm, a linear composition in conjunction with a decorative color spot. Signs of the Art Nouveau style are considered to be a special smoothness of forms, elongated figures, underlined contours, clear monochromatic surfaces. Continue reading
Ar brut (French Art brut – rough, raw art) is a trend in European art of the mid-twentieth century, the founder and leader of which was the French artist Jean Dubuffet, who developed the concept of pure art, an art that rejects beauty and harmony. Each person is an artist, for a human being to draw is as natural as talking or walking. Unburdened by the traditions and knowledge of the “suffocating culture”, he creates instinctively and directly. Close directions are marginal art, naive, intuitive art, folk art, primitivism.
According to Dubuffet, Ar brut is creativity in its purest manifestation: a spontaneous mental outburst from the depths of the mind and consciousness, imprinted on paper or embodied in material. He turns to the art of the mentally ill, people. Isolated from society, considering only their true artists, possessing the subjectivity that gives a person a true individuality. Continue reading