Modernism (came from Italian. Modernismo – “modern movement”) – the general name of the directions of art and literature of the late 19-20 century: cubism, Dada, surrealism, modern, futurism, expressionism, abstract art, functionalism, neo-impressionism, post-impressionism, etc. .
Modernism is a set of artistic trends that arose in art in the form of new forms of creativity, in which not so much following the spirit of nature and tradition prevailed, but rather the free look of a master creator who changes the visible world at his discretion, following his personal impression, inner idea or mystical dream . The most significant modernist trends were impressionism, symbolism and modernism, although this includes expressionism, neo- and post-impressionism, Fauvism, cubism, futurism and later movements – abstract art, Dada, surrealism. Continue reading
Avant-gardism (from the French avant-garde – advanced detachment) – a set of experimental, modernist, emphasized unusual, exploratory endeavors in the art of the 20th century. The avant-garde directions are: Fauvism, Cubism, Futurism, Expressionism, abstractionism, surrealism, actionism, pop art, conceptual art.
At different historical stages, the role of the avant-garde was played by successive currents: 1900-1910. – the time of the appearance of Fauvism, Cubism, Futurism, Expressionism, Dada, abstract art; in the 1920-1930s. Surrealism comes to the fore, in the post-war period, new trends of abstractionism arise – abstract expressionism, Tashism, informal art, etc .; 1960-1970s – the transitional era from the “classical” avant-garde to neo-avant-garde, or postmodernism with its components – actionism, pop art, conceptualism, kinetic art and other artistic art practices. Continue reading