Classicism
Classicism (derived from the Latin classicus - exemplary) is an artistic style and aesthetic trend in European literature and art of the 17th - beginning of the 19th centuries, one…

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Classicism
Classicism (derived from the Latin classicus - exemplary) is an artistic style and aesthetic trend in European literature and art of the 17th - beginning of the 19th centuries, one…

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Art Nouveau
Art Nouveau (came from the French moderne - the newest, most modern) - style in European and American style on the shore of the XIX-XX centuries. Art Nouveau reinterpreted and…

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fundamental principle

Metaphysical paintin

Metaphysical painting – (from the Greek meta – after and phisika – nature, metaphysics – the science of spiritual phenomena inaccessible to experienced knowledge, the transcendental principles of the world) – a trend in Italian art that arose in 1916 in Ferrara. Its creators were painters Giorgio De Chirico, Carlo Carra, Giorgio Morandi. Subsequently, Morandi and Carra changed their style and de Chirico remained the only leader, in the paintings of which the geometrization and stiffness of forms symbolized “eternity, the metaphysics of time and space”, irrational connections between externally unrelated objects. Metaphysical art was not widespread, but had a great influence on other artists. It was close to symbolism and became the forerunner of another powerful art movement – surrealism. Continue reading

Lyrical abstraction

Lyrical abstraction, lyrical-emotional, psychological abstractionism is one of the areas of abstract art, which is characterized by a desire for a direct expression of the artist’s emotional, mental states and improvisational performance. Lyrical abstraction is the European parallel of American abstract expressionism. Other names for this trend are formless painting and tashism.

The founder of this trend was the Russian artist Vasily Kandinsky – a recognized leader and theorist of abstractionism, the basic principles and provisions of which were set forth by him in his works On the Spiritual in Art (1911); “Retrospective” (1913); “Point and line on the plane” (1926). Continue reading

Avant-gardism

Avant-gardism (from the French avant-garde – advanced detachment) – a set of experimental, modernist, emphasized unusual, exploratory endeavors in the art of the 20th century. The avant-garde directions are: Fauvism, Cubism, Futurism, Expressionism, abstractionism, surrealism, actionism, pop art, conceptual art.

At different historical stages, the role of the avant-garde was played by successive currents: 1900-1910. – the time of the appearance of Fauvism, Cubism, Futurism, Expressionism, Dada, abstract art; in the 1920-1930s. Surrealism comes to the fore, in the post-war period, new trends of abstractionism arise – abstract expressionism, Tashism, informal art, etc .; 1960-1970s – the transitional era from the “classical” avant-garde to neo-avant-garde, or postmodernism with its components – actionism, pop art, conceptualism, kinetic art and other artistic art practices. Continue reading

Impressionism
Impressionism (from French impression - impression) is a trend in European painting that originated in France in the mid-19th century. Impressionists avoided all the details in the drawing and tried…

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The new materiality
The new materiality (German Neue Sachlichkeit) is an art movement in German art of the 1920s - early 1930s, which represented the tradition of neoclassicism in the general context of…

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Cubism
Cubism (from French cubisme, came from cube - cube) is a modernist trend in painting of the early twentieth century, which highlighted the formal task of constructing volumetric shapes on…

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Neorealism
Neorealism is an art movement that was developed in the visual arts in the middle of the 20th century in a number of European countries and in the United States,…

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