Art Nouveau (came from the French moderne – the newest, most modern) – style in European and American style on the shore of the XIX-XX centuries. Art Nouveau reinterpreted and stylized the features of the art of different epoxes, and worked out appropriate techniques, based on the principle of asymmetry, ornamentality and decorativeness. Its distinctive features are: the rejection of straight lines and angles in favor of more natural, natural lines. This is not only a matter of interest to the solid components in the products, but their size is also very small, and they are very small in size. Artists who wrote in the Art Nouveau style: Paul Gauguin (1848-1903), Gustav Klimt (1862-1918), Alphonse Mucha.
Art Nouveau painting was filled with the poetics of symbolism, combining its characteristic images with a complex rhythm, a linear composition in conjunction with a decorative color spot. Signs of the Art Nouveau style are considered to be a special smoothness of forms, elongated figures, underlined contours, clear monochromatic surfaces. Continue reading
Lyrical abstraction, lyrical-emotional, psychological abstractionism is one of the areas of abstract art, which is characterized by a desire for a direct expression of the artist’s emotional, mental states and improvisational performance. Lyrical abstraction is the European parallel of American abstract expressionism. Other names for this trend are formless painting and tashism.
The founder of this trend was the Russian artist Vasily Kandinsky – a recognized leader and theorist of abstractionism, the basic principles and provisions of which were set forth by him in his works On the Spiritual in Art (1911); “Retrospective” (1913); “Point and line on the plane” (1926). Continue reading
Baroque (from Italian. Barocco – strange, bizarre) – from the end of the XVI to the middle of the XVIII centuries. was the mainstream dominating in Europe and America. A distinctive feature of Baroque is the striving for a solemn “great style”, which reflects the complexity, diversity and variability of the world. Baroque is characterized by contrast, tension, dynamic images, affectation, a tendency to majesty and splendor, to a combination of reality and illusory, to the fusion of arts. The tendency towards the autonomy of certain genres (concerto grosso, sonata, suite in instrumental music) continued. Baroque architecture is notable for its spatial scope, cohesion, fluidity of complex, usually curved forms, for painting and sculpture – these are ceremonial portraits and spectacular decorative compositions. Baroque principles were used in literature, music and theater. Baroque is characterized by a variety of national options (Baroque of Slavic countries). The center for the development of baroque is Italy, it was in such cities as Rome, Mantova, Venice, Florence that this current was born. Continue reading