Primitivism
Primitivism is a painting style that originated in the XIX-XX centuries. The primitivists intentionally simplified the picture, making its forms primitive, like folk art, the work of a child or…

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Arte povera
Arte povera (ital. Arte povera - poor art) - the direction of the avant-garde that took shape in Italian art in the late 1960s and early 1970s. and widely used…

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Art Nouveau
Art Nouveau (from the French art nouveau, literally - new art) is the name of the modern style common in many countries (Belgium, France, England, the USA, etc.). The most…

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Naturalism

Naturalism – (French naturalisme, from lat. Natura – nature) – a direction in literature and art that developed in the last third of the XIX century in Europe and the USA. Under the influence of the ideas of positivism, the main representatives of which were O. Comte and G. Spencer, this movement strove for an objective and dispassionate depiction of reality, likening artistic knowledge to scientific, proceeded from the idea of ​​the complete predetermination of fate, the dependence of the spiritual world of a person on the social environment, heredity and physiology.

In the field of art, naturalism was developed primarily in the works of French writers – brothers E. and J. Goncurov and Emil Zola, who believed that the artist should reflect the world around him without any embellishment, conventions and taboos, with maximum objectivity, positivistic truth. Continue reading

Lyrical abstraction

Lyrical abstraction, lyrical-emotional, psychological abstractionism is one of the areas of abstract art, which is characterized by a desire for a direct expression of the artist’s emotional, mental states and improvisational performance. Lyrical abstraction is the European parallel of American abstract expressionism. Other names for this trend are formless painting and tashism.

The founder of this trend was the Russian artist Vasily Kandinsky – a recognized leader and theorist of abstractionism, the basic principles and provisions of which were set forth by him in his works On the Spiritual in Art (1911); “Retrospective” (1913); “Point and line on the plane” (1926). Continue reading

Analytical cubism

Analytical cubism is the second phase of cubism, characterized by a gradual blurring of the differences between form and space and the disappearance of images of objects. In the paintings of this period appear translucent, iridescent, intersecting planes, the position of which is not clearly defined. The arrangement of forms in space and their relation to large compositional masses are constantly changing. The result is a visual interaction of form and space. Analytical cubism was developed by artists from the Golden Section artistic association: Albert Gleize, Marcel Duchamp, Raymond Duchamp-Villon, Jean Metzinger and Jacques Villon.

In the paintings of this period, iridescent colors appear translucent intersecting planes, the position of which is not clearly defined. Continue reading

Anachronism
Anachronism (from the Greek. Ana - back and hronos - time), another name - hyper-Mannerism - one of the directions of postmodernism, offering an author's interpretation of the art of…

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The new materiality
The new materiality (German Neue Sachlichkeit) is an art movement in German art of the 1920s - early 1930s, which represented the tradition of neoclassicism in the general context of…

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Baroque
Baroque (from Italian. Barocco - strange, bizarre) - from the end of the XVI to the middle of the XVIII centuries. was the mainstream dominating in Europe and America. A…

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Cubism
Cubism (from French cubisme, came from cube - cube) is a modernist trend in painting of the early twentieth century, which highlighted the formal task of constructing volumetric shapes on…

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