Kinetic art
Kinetic art - (came from the Greek. Kineticos - driving) - the trend in modern art, associated with the widespread use of moving objects, which is based on the idea…

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Analytical art
Analytical art is an artistic method developed and justified by Pavel Filonov in theoretical works (“Canon and the Law”, 1912; “Paintings Made”, 1914; “Declaration of the World Prosperity”, 1923) and…

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Modernism
Modernism (came from Italian. Modernismo - "modern movement") - the general name of the directions of art and literature of the late 19-20 century: cubism, Dada, surrealism, modern, futurism, expressionism,…

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Orphism

Orphism (French orphisme, named after the character of the ancient Greek mythology of the singer Orpheus) is a trend in European painting of the 1910s, close to cubism and futurism. The term “Orphism” was invented by the poet and art critic Guillaume Apollinaire (Orphism as the culprit of Orpheus) to characterize the work of Robert Delaunay and publicly announced during a lecture on contemporary painting in October 1912. The proposed name, the poet apparently wanted to emphasize a particular musicality , intuitiveness, irrationality of abstract art Delaunay.

Subsequently, Apollinaire extended this concept to the work of cubists, Dadaists and artists of the Blue Horseman group (Kandinsky, Mark, Macke, Yavlensky), introducing a certain confusion into the essence of the concept itself.

Orphism is a local, short-lived stream in painting, represented by the names of Robert Delaunay, his wife Sonya Terk-Delaunay, Frantisek Kupka and their few followers, among whom the most prominent figures were Fernand Leger, Francis Picabia, Vladimir Baranova-Rossine. Continue reading

Op art

Op art (from English op art, short for optical art – optical art) is a neo-avant-garde trend in the visual arts, one of the later modifications of abstract art. In op art, the effects of spatial displacement, merging, and “hovering” of forms were achieved by introducing sharp color and tonal contrasts, rhythmic repetitions, intersecting spiral and lattice configurations, curving lines.

The basis of op-art is in the artistically organized optical effects (effects of spatial displacement, hovering, fusion of forms), which were achieved by geometrized combinations of lines and spots with the introduction of sharp color and tonal contrasts, rhythmic repeats, wriggling lines, the intersection of spiral and trellised configurations. The use of mirrors, lenses, trembling metal plates and wires, installations of changing light, dynamic structures, enhances the effect of exposure, creates a special aesthetic environment, achieving a high degree of abstraction from the concrete. Continue reading

Neorealism

Neorealism is an art movement that was developed in the visual arts in the middle of the 20th century in a number of European countries and in the United States, whose representatives, against the backdrop of modernist art, proclaimed a return to the realistic values ​​of traditional visual forms.

This movement was initiated by the Fronte Nuovo Delle Arti, founded in 1946, which brought together anti-fascist artists from various fields, from realism to abstract art. Their goal was to overcome the pessimism of the post-war world and call for a return to art expressing universal values. In 1950, the association broke up, and the realists created an independent group, which included Renato Guttuso, Gabriele Muki, Ernesto Trekkani, Armando Pizzinato. Continue reading

Luchism
Luchism (rayonismus, from the French.rayon - ray) is an art school in Russian art of the 1910s, associated with the names of Mikhail Larionov and Natalia Goncharova. In 1913, at…

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Informalism, informe
Informalism, informel (from the French art informel) is a trend in abstract art that arose in the second half of the 40s of the 20th century in France, as the…

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Cubism
Cubism (from French cubisme, came from cube - cube) is a modernist trend in painting of the early twentieth century, which highlighted the formal task of constructing volumetric shapes on…

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Analytical cubism
Analytical cubism is the second phase of cubism, characterized by a gradual blurring of the differences between form and space and the disappearance of images of objects. In the paintings…

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