Kitsch, kitsch (from German kitsch – bad taste) is a term denoting one of the most odious phenomena of mass culture, a synonym for pseudo-art, in which the main attention is paid to the extravagance of the external appearance, the loudness of its elements. In essence, kitsch is a form of postmodernism. Kitsch is a massive art for the elite. A work belonging to kitsch must be done at a high artistic level, it should have a fascinating plot, but this is not a real work of art in a high sense, but a skillful fake for it. There can be deep psychological conflicts in kitsch, but there are no genuine artistic discoveries and revelations.
The opinions of art critics are extremely evaluative (“bad taste”, “cheap stuff”, “false”, “sugary”, etc.), although interesting detailing of the forms and methods of kitsch (accessibility, realism, parody, etc.) should be noted. ) Of course, this point of view is justified if we consider kitsch as an art: the luxury and pomposity, to which he often gravitates, look doubtful. Continue reading
Verism (from Italian. Il verismo, from the word vero – true, truthful) is a realistic trend in Italian fine art of the late 19th century. The term originated in the 17th century, was used in the visual arts and denoted a realistic stream in Baroque painting. Then the term is revived in the second half of the 19th century, being a designation (very vague, vague) of a realistic and naturalistic trend in Italian art. The most famous artists of this direction are J. Fattori, S. Lega, T. Sinrini, O. Borrani, V. Kabyanka, J. Abbati and others.
The principles of verisma were formed mainly under the influence of French naturalism. Relying on the work of E. Zola, G. Flaubert and G. de Maupassant, verists set the main tasks of their work to be objective and a scientific approach to the study of facts (from the standpoint of positivism) in depicting the life realities of modern Italian society, everyday life and psychology of ordinary people. Continue reading