Cubism (from French cubisme, came from cube – cube) is a modernist trend in painting of the early twentieth century, which highlighted the formal task of constructing volumetric shapes on a plane, minimizing the visual and cognitive functions of art. The word “cubists” was used in 1908 and 1909 by the French critic L. Vossel as a mocking nickname for a group of artists depicting the objective world as a combination of geometric bodies or figures. The most famous artist in this direction of painting: Pablo Picasso (1881-1973).
At the turn of the First World War, the influence of European painting fell sharply. Continue reading
Art Nouveau (from the French art nouveau, literally – new art) is the name of the modern style common in many countries (Belgium, France, England, the USA, etc.). The most famous artist in this area of painting: Alphonse Mucha.
Art Nouveau is a style that arose in the years 1880-1900. Well, if you are already quite accurate, this is one of the directions of Art Nouveau, and the most decorative and ornamental.
The interior in the Art Nouveau style involves a natural combination of various textures, materials and types of decoration. Here are intertwined (often in the literal sense of the word) metal and stone, glass and wood, mirrors and stained-glass windows. And it is precisely the stained glass windows of Art Nouveau that most likely owes its origin. The thing is that this is the name of the Parisian store, which opened at the end of the 19th century Siegfried Bing. In one of its sections, the owner presented contemporary art: glass of famous French and Japanese masters and colorful stained-glass windows. Continue reading