Modernism (came from Italian. Modernismo – “modern movement”) – the general name of the directions of art and literature of the late 19-20 century: cubism, Dada, surrealism, modern, futurism, expressionism, abstract art, functionalism, neo-impressionism, post-impressionism, etc. .
Modernism is a set of artistic trends that arose in art in the form of new forms of creativity, in which not so much following the spirit of nature and tradition prevailed, but rather the free look of a master creator who changes the visible world at his discretion, following his personal impression, inner idea or mystical dream . The most significant modernist trends were impressionism, symbolism and modernism, although this includes expressionism, neo- and post-impressionism, Fauvism, cubism, futurism and later movements – abstract art, Dada, surrealism. Continue reading
Minimalism (came from the English. Minimal art – minimal art) is an artistic movement proceeding from a minimal transformation of materials used in the process of creation, simplicity and uniformity of forms, monochrome, creative self-restriction of the artist. Minimalism is characterized by a rejection of subjectivity, representation, and illusionism. Rejecting classical techniques and traditional art materials, minimalists use industrial and natural materials of simple geometric shapes and neutral colors (black, gray), small volumes, they use serial, conveyor methods of industrial production. Minimalism arose in the USA in the first half of the 60s. Among the most representative minimalists: C. Andre, M. Bochner, W. De Maria, D. Flavin, S. Le Witt, R. Mangold, B. Merden, R. Morris, R. Rayman. Continue reading
Art Nouveau (from the French art nouveau, literally – new art) is the name of the modern style common in many countries (Belgium, France, England, the USA, etc.). The most famous artist in this area of painting: Alphonse Mucha.
Art Nouveau is a style that arose in the years 1880-1900. Well, if you are already quite accurate, this is one of the directions of Art Nouveau, and the most decorative and ornamental.
The interior in the Art Nouveau style involves a natural combination of various textures, materials and types of decoration. Here are intertwined (often in the literal sense of the word) metal and stone, glass and wood, mirrors and stained-glass windows. And it is precisely the stained glass windows of Art Nouveau that most likely owes its origin. The thing is that this is the name of the Parisian store, which opened at the end of the 19th century Siegfried Bing. In one of its sections, the owner presented contemporary art: glass of famous French and Japanese masters and colorful stained-glass windows. Continue reading