Impressionism (from French impression – impression) is a trend in European painting that originated in France in the mid-19th century. Impressionists avoided all the details in the drawing and tried to catch the general impression of what the eye sees at a particular moment. They achieved this effect with the help of color and texture. The artistic conception of impressionism was based on the desire to naturally and naturally capture the world around it in its variability, conveying its fleeting impressions. The most famous artists of this direction of painting: Manet, Renoir, Cezanne, Degas, Monet, Pissarro.
The new movement arose as a reaction to the stagnation of academicism that prevailed in those years, but its appearance was prepared by several factors: the invention of 1839 by L. Dager of photography, which introduced a new vision into art; scientific discoveries of E. Schevrell and O. Ruda in the field of color separation; the appearance in 1941 of tin tubes for perishable paints, which enabled artists to work in the open air. Continue reading
Geometric abstractionism (other names – cold abstraction, logical, intellectual abstractionism) is a trend in abstract art based on the creation of art space by combining various geometric shapes, color planes, straight and broken lines.
Geometric abstraction grew out of the quest for the Cezanne field and the Cubists, who were the first to follow the path of deformation of nature in search of a “new reality”. She had a number of branches. In Russia, it was M. Larionov’s rayism, which arose as a kind of reaction to the latest discoveries in physics; “Lack of objection” by O. Rozanova, L. Popova and V. Tatlin, which later grew into constructivism; K. Malevich’s supermatism, in which objectivity was seen as “a new pictorial realism”; in France, partly the Orphism of Robert Delaunay; but its main representative was the Dutch group “Style” (“De Steyl”) led by P. Mondrian and T. Van Dusburg, who put forward the concept of neoplasticism – the art of pure plastic, whose task was to cleanse nature from the illusory diversity and expose it lurking in it primary circuit. Continue reading