Classicism
Classicism (derived from the Latin classicus - exemplary) is an artistic style and aesthetic trend in European literature and art of the 17th - beginning of the 19th centuries, one…

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Geometric abstractionism
Geometric abstractionism (other names - cold abstraction, logical, intellectual abstractionism) is a trend in abstract art based on the creation of art space by combining various geometric shapes, color planes,…

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Naturalism
Naturalism - (French naturalisme, from lat. Natura - nature) - a direction in literature and art that developed in the last third of the XIX century in Europe and the…

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design

Neoplasticism

Neoplasticism is one of the earliest varieties of abstract art. Created by 1917 by the Dutch painter P. Mondrian and other artists included in the association “Style”. According to its creators, neoplasticism is characterized by a desire for “universal harmony”, expressed in strictly balanced combinations of large rectangular shapes clearly separated by black perpendicular lines and painted in local colors of the main spectrum (with the addition of white and gray tones).

Neoplasticism claimed clarity, simplicity, and constructiveness of pure, unnatural geometrical forms. In substantiating his theory, Mondrian was guided by the idea of ​​illusory nature of the contradictory nature of our world, its subjectivity. The artist’s task is to free life relations from immersion in natural forms, clean them from nature (“denature”) and give them a new formation. Continue reading

Minimalism

Minimalism (came from the English. Minimal art – minimal art) is an artistic movement proceeding from a minimal transformation of materials used in the process of creation, simplicity and uniformity of forms, monochrome, creative self-restriction of the artist. Minimalism is characterized by a rejection of subjectivity, representation, and illusionism. Rejecting classical techniques and traditional art materials, minimalists use industrial and natural materials of simple geometric shapes and neutral colors (black, gray), small volumes, they use serial, conveyor methods of industrial production. Minimalism arose in the USA in the first half of the 60s. Among the most representative minimalists: C. Andre, M. Bochner, W. De Maria, D. Flavin, S. Le Witt, R. Mangold, B. Merden, R. Morris, R. Rayman. Continue reading

Informalism, informe

Informalism, informel (from the French art informel) is a trend in abstract art that arose in the second half of the 40s of the 20th century in France, as the opposite of geometric abstractionism and is very close to abstract expressionism and tashism. Any rules are rejected in the informal, the main role is given to emotionality and spontaneity. By this time the “academic” stage in the development of the “old school” of abstract art had ended, the leaders of which were Vasily Kandinsky, Paul Klee, Peter Mondrian, Robber Delone, Kazimir Malevich.

New trends have entered the art arena, developing in the mainstream of non-subject art – abstract expressionism (Jackson Polock, Arshile Gorky), lyrical abstraction (Georges Mathieu), tashism (Pierre Sulage, Hens Hartung) and informel.Trying to break with the traditions of the geometric school, new abstractionists seek to “revive” the color structures, to show active interaction on the canvas of color zones.

Informal art is often equated with tashism, but unlike the latter, the “sign-written” principle was sharper here, the painting became closer to the graphics. Continue reading

Orphism
Orphism (French orphisme, named after the character of the ancient Greek mythology of the singer Orpheus) is a trend in European painting of the 1910s, close to cubism and futurism.…

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Neo-pop
Neo-pop, neo-pop art or post-pop is a trend in modern painting that arose in the 80s of the XX century as a reaction to conceptualism and minimalism. Neo-pop is not…

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Mannerism
Mannerism (Mannerism, Italian. Maniera - style, manner), a term used in the theory of fine art. He became popular thanks to the artist and biographer of the 16th century Vasari,…

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Mannerism
Mannerism (Mannerism, Italian. Maniera - style, manner), a term used in the theory of fine art. He became popular thanks to the artist and biographer of the 16th century Vasari,…

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