Constructivism
Constructivism is a trend in Soviet art of the 1920s. XX century The proponents of constructivism, having put forward the task of constructing an environment that actively guides life processes,…

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Cubism
Cubism (from French cubisme, came from cube - cube) is a modernist trend in painting of the early twentieth century, which highlighted the formal task of constructing volumetric shapes on…

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Kitsch, kitsch
Kitsch, kitsch (from German kitsch - bad taste) is a term denoting one of the most odious phenomena of mass culture, a synonym for pseudo-art, in which the main attention…

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Neoplasticism

Neoplasticism is one of the earliest varieties of abstract art. Created by 1917 by the Dutch painter P. Mondrian and other artists included in the association “Style”. According to its creators, neoplasticism is characterized by a desire for “universal harmony”, expressed in strictly balanced combinations of large rectangular shapes clearly separated by black perpendicular lines and painted in local colors of the main spectrum (with the addition of white and gray tones).

Neoplasticism claimed clarity, simplicity, and constructiveness of pure, unnatural geometrical forms. In substantiating his theory, Mondrian was guided by the idea of ​​illusory nature of the contradictory nature of our world, its subjectivity. The artist’s task is to free life relations from immersion in natural forms, clean them from nature (“denature”) and give them a new formation. Continue reading

Informalism, informe

Informalism, informel (from the French art informel) is a trend in abstract art that arose in the second half of the 40s of the 20th century in France, as the opposite of geometric abstractionism and is very close to abstract expressionism and tashism. Any rules are rejected in the informal, the main role is given to emotionality and spontaneity. By this time the “academic” stage in the development of the “old school” of abstract art had ended, the leaders of which were Vasily Kandinsky, Paul Klee, Peter Mondrian, Robber Delone, Kazimir Malevich.

New trends have entered the art arena, developing in the mainstream of non-subject art – abstract expressionism (Jackson Polock, Arshile Gorky), lyrical abstraction (Georges Mathieu), tashism (Pierre Sulage, Hens Hartung) and informel.Trying to break with the traditions of the geometric school, new abstractionists seek to “revive” the color structures, to show active interaction on the canvas of color zones.

Informal art is often equated with tashism, but unlike the latter, the “sign-written” principle was sharper here, the painting became closer to the graphics. Continue reading

Impressionism

Impressionism (from French impression – impression) is a trend in European painting that originated in France in the mid-19th century. Impressionists avoided all the details in the drawing and tried to catch the general impression of what the eye sees at a particular moment. They achieved this effect with the help of color and texture. The artistic conception of impressionism was based on the desire to naturally and naturally capture the world around it in its variability, conveying its fleeting impressions. The most famous artists of this direction of painting: Manet, Renoir, Cezanne, Degas, Monet, Pissarro.

The new movement arose as a reaction to the stagnation of academicism that prevailed in those years, but its appearance was prepared by several factors: the invention of 1839 by L. Dager of photography, which introduced a new vision into art; scientific discoveries of E. Schevrell and O. Ruda in the field of color separation; the appearance in 1941 of tin tubes for perishable paints, which enabled artists to work in the open air. Continue reading

Hyperrealism, photorealism, superrealism
Hyperrealism, photorealism, superrealism - a style in painting and sculpture, based on the photorealization of the object. Hyperrealism arose in the USA in the middle of the 20th century. The…

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Neo-impressionism
Neo-impressionism - (French neoimpressionisme) - a kind of post-impressionism; the artistic direction in painting that arose in France around 1885, the main theorist and inspirer of which was Georges Seurat.…

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Ar brut
Ar brut (French Art brut - rough, raw art) is a trend in European art of the mid-twentieth century, the founder and leader of which was the French artist Jean…

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Hyperrealism, photorealism, superrealism
Hyperrealism, photorealism, superrealism - a style in painting and sculpture, based on the photorealization of the object. Hyperrealism arose in the USA in the middle of the 20th century. The…

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