Ar brut
Ar brut (French Art brut - rough, raw art) is a trend in European art of the mid-twentieth century, the founder and leader of which was the French artist Jean…

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Art Nouveau
Art Nouveau (from the French art nouveau, literally - new art) is the name of the modern style common in many countries (Belgium, France, England, the USA, etc.). The most…

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Baroque
Baroque (from Italian. Barocco - strange, bizarre) - from the end of the XVI to the middle of the XVIII centuries. was the mainstream dominating in Europe and America. A…

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culture society

Hard edges painting

Hard edges painting (from the English hard edge) is the direction of abstract painting of the 2nd half of the 20th century, in which color spots are separated by hard borders. This style is associated with geometric abstraction, post-painting abstraction and color field painting. The term was proposed by the writer, curator and art critic of the Los Angeles Times, Jules Langsner (English) in 1958. Although this definition could be applied to such areas as purism, more often by painting rigid contours they mean the type of painting that arose as a reaction to the spontaneity and pictorial technique of abstract expressionism.

The largest representatives of this direction are Ellsworth Kelly and Kenneth Noland. Also, the painting of hard contours includes the early works of Joseph Alberts and Pete Mondrian.

In the late 1950s, Langsner and Peter Selz, later Professor Claremont Colleges, noticed similarities in the works of John McLaughlin, Lorser Feitelson, Karl Benjamin, Frederick Hammersley and Helen Lundeberg. Continue reading

Underground

Underground (from the English underground – underground, underground) is a series of artistic trends in contemporary art that oppose themselves to mass culture and the mainstream. The underground rejects and violates the political, moral and ethical orientations and types of behavior accepted in society, introducing asocial behavior into everyday life. In the Soviet period, due to the severity of the regime, almost all unofficial, i.e. not recognized by the authorities, art turned out to be underground.

Underground – in the narrow sense – any non-commercial, experimental art; in the broad – the concept and phenomenon that arose in the United States in the late 1950s. and meaning “underground” culture as an integral part of the so-called counterculture, which contrasted itself with the restrictions and conventions that prevailed in the culture society.

The art of underground, imbued with the spirit of dissidentism. It rejects and violates the political, moral and ethical orientations and types of behavior accepted in society, introducing asocial behavior into everyday life. Continue reading

Academism
Academism (from the French academisme) is a direction in European painting of the 16th-19th centuries. It was based on dogmatic following the external forms of classical art. Followers characterized this…

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Analytical art
Analytical art is an artistic method developed and justified by Pavel Filonov in theoretical works (“Canon and the Law”, 1912; “Paintings Made”, 1914; “Declaration of the World Prosperity”, 1923) and…

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Decadence
Decadence (from French decadence or from Latin decadentia - decadence) is a direction in literature and art of the late XIX - early XX centuries, characterized by resistance to public…

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Kinetic art
Kinetic art - (came from the Greek. Kineticos - driving) - the trend in modern art, associated with the widespread use of moving objects, which is based on the idea…

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