Color field painting (from the English color field) is an abstract painting style that arose in New York City in the 1940-1950s. She was inspired by European modernism and was closely associated with abstract expressionism, while many of her early supporters were among the pioneers of abstract expressionism. The color field painting is characterized primarily by large fields of a flat, monolithic color, smeared or stained on the canvas, creating a continuous surface area and a flat plan of the picture. The movement pays less attention to gestures, strokes and action in favor of a general conformity of form and process.
During the late 1950s and 1960s, color-field artists appeared in the UK, Canada, Washington, DC, and the US West Coast using stripes, targets, simple geometric shapes, and hints of landscape imagery and nature. Continue reading
Hard edges painting (from the English hard edge) is the direction of abstract painting of the 2nd half of the 20th century, in which color spots are separated by hard borders. This style is associated with geometric abstraction, post-painting abstraction and color field painting. The term was proposed by the writer, curator and art critic of the Los Angeles Times, Jules Langsner (English) in 1958. Although this definition could be applied to such areas as purism, more often by painting rigid contours they mean the type of painting that arose as a reaction to the spontaneity and pictorial technique of abstract expressionism.
The largest representatives of this direction are Ellsworth Kelly and Kenneth Noland. Also, the painting of hard contours includes the early works of Joseph Alberts and Pete Mondrian.
In the late 1950s, Langsner and Peter Selz, later Professor Claremont Colleges, noticed similarities in the works of John McLaughlin, Lorser Feitelson, Karl Benjamin, Frederick Hammersley and Helen Lundeberg. Continue reading
Dadaism (descended from French dadaisme, dada – a wooden horse; figuratively – incoherent baby talk) is a modernist literary and artistic movement of 1916-1922, which is characterized by conscious irrationalism and demonstrative anti-aesthetism. It was born during the First World War in Zurich (Switzerland), as a reaction to the consequences of the war, the brutality of which, according to the Dadaists, emphasized the meaninglessness of existence. Rationalism and logic were declared one of the main culprits of devastating wars and conflicts. Based on this, the Dadaists believed that modern European culture should be destroyed through the decomposition of art. The most famous Dadaists: Hans Arp (1886-1966), Marcel Duchamp (1887-1968), Max Ernst (1891-1976), Philip Supo (1897-1990), Tristan Tzara (1896-1963). Continue reading