Gothic
Gothic (from Italian. Gotico - unusual, barbaric) is a period in the development of medieval art, covering almost all areas of culture and developing in Western, Central and partly Eastern…

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Analytical art
Analytical art is an artistic method developed and justified by Pavel Filonov in theoretical works (“Canon and the Law”, 1912; “Paintings Made”, 1914; “Declaration of the World Prosperity”, 1923) and…

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Arte povera
Arte povera (ital. Arte povera - poor art) - the direction of the avant-garde that took shape in Italian art in the late 1960s and early 1970s. and widely used…

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counterculture

Neorealism

Neorealism is an art movement that was developed in the visual arts in the middle of the 20th century in a number of European countries and in the United States, whose representatives, against the backdrop of modernist art, proclaimed a return to the realistic values ​​of traditional visual forms.

This movement was initiated by the Fronte Nuovo Delle Arti, founded in 1946, which brought together anti-fascist artists from various fields, from realism to abstract art. Their goal was to overcome the pessimism of the post-war world and call for a return to art expressing universal values. In 1950, the association broke up, and the realists created an independent group, which included Renato Guttuso, Gabriele Muki, Ernesto Trekkani, Armando Pizzinato. Continue reading

Primitivism

Primitivism. Naive art (From lat. Primitivus – the first, earliest) is the general name of the work of unprofessional artists of the late XIX-XX centuries, not familiar with literacy and consciously cultivating a certain “incorrectness” of their works. This is not just about unprofessional art, but about artists involved in the general art process of that time, who had some influence on contemporary professional art. Primitive artists include A. Russo, K. Bombois, L. Serafin, N. Pirosmani and others who have gained worldwide fame.

Sometimes primitivism is understood as the conscious use of primitive art forms in the work of professional artists: children’s drawings, folk art, art of other, usually exotic cultures.

Neo-primitivism. Continue reading

The art of action, the abstraction of gestures

The art of action, the abstraction of gestures (from English action painting) is a trend in American painting of the mid-twentieth century, in which paint is spontaneously applied to the canvas. The art of action is similar to abstract expressionism.

In the framework of American abstractionism, the so-called “shapeless painting” of Jackson Polock was developed, which considered the creative process to be self-valuable, and the result was not important, which made sense only as a memory of the creative process left on the canvas. Returning to primitive syncretism, Shelf transformed painting into a sacred dance of the artist. The shelf hung the canvas on the wall or laid it on the floor, “making” a shamanistic ceremony around it, the artist, as he said, “went inside the painting”. He developed a technique called dripping, which consisted of spraying paints from a can (French parallel – “Tashism” – spotting.) Continue reading

Primitivism
Primitivism. Naive art (From lat. Primitivus - the first, earliest) is the general name of the work of unprofessional artists of the late XIX-XX centuries, not familiar with literacy and…

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Neo-pop
Neo-pop, neo-pop art or post-pop is a trend in modern painting that arose in the 80s of the XX century as a reaction to conceptualism and minimalism. Neo-pop is not…

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Art Deco
Art Deco (from the French art deco, abbr. From decoratif) - a direction in art in the middle of the 20th century, which marked the synthesis of avant-garde and neoclassicism,…

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Orphism
Orphism (French orphisme, named after the character of the ancient Greek mythology of the singer Orpheus) is a trend in European painting of the 1910s, close to cubism and futurism.…

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