Primitivism. Naive art (From lat. Primitivus – the first, earliest) is the general name of the work of unprofessional artists of the late XIX-XX centuries, not familiar with literacy and consciously cultivating a certain “incorrectness” of their works. This is not just about unprofessional art, but about artists involved in the general art process of that time, who had some influence on contemporary professional art. Primitive artists include A. Russo, K. Bombois, L. Serafin, N. Pirosmani and others who have gained worldwide fame.
Sometimes primitivism is understood as the conscious use of primitive art forms in the work of professional artists: children’s drawings, folk art, art of other, usually exotic cultures.
Neo-primitivism. Continue reading
Classicism (derived from the Latin classicus – exemplary) is an artistic style and aesthetic trend in European literature and art of the 17th – beginning of the 19th centuries, one of the important features of which was the appeal to the images and forms of ancient literature and art as an ideal aesthetic standard. A work of art, from the point of view of classicism, should be built on the basis of strict canons, thereby revealing the harmony and logic of the universe itself. Of interest to classicism is only eternal and unchanging. In each phenomenon, he seeks to recognize only essential, typological features, discarding random individual signs. The aesthetics of classicism attaches great importance to the social educational function of art. Classicism takes many of the rules and canons from ancient art.
Classicism is based on the ideas of rationalism, which were formed simultaneously with the same ideas in the philosophy of Descartes. Continue reading
Color field painting (from the English color field) is an abstract painting style that arose in New York City in the 1940-1950s. She was inspired by European modernism and was closely associated with abstract expressionism, while many of her early supporters were among the pioneers of abstract expressionism. The color field painting is characterized primarily by large fields of a flat, monolithic color, smeared or stained on the canvas, creating a continuous surface area and a flat plan of the picture. The movement pays less attention to gestures, strokes and action in favor of a general conformity of form and process.
During the late 1950s and 1960s, color-field artists appeared in the UK, Canada, Washington, DC, and the US West Coast using stripes, targets, simple geometric shapes, and hints of landscape imagery and nature. Continue reading