Neorealism is an art movement that was developed in the visual arts in the middle of the 20th century in a number of European countries and in the United States, whose representatives, against the backdrop of modernist art, proclaimed a return to the realistic values of traditional visual forms.
This movement was initiated by the Fronte Nuovo Delle Arti, founded in 1946, which brought together anti-fascist artists from various fields, from realism to abstract art. Their goal was to overcome the pessimism of the post-war world and call for a return to art expressing universal values. In 1950, the association broke up, and the realists created an independent group, which included Renato Guttuso, Gabriele Muki, Ernesto Trekkani, Armando Pizzinato. Continue reading
Neoplasticism is one of the earliest varieties of abstract art. Created by 1917 by the Dutch painter P. Mondrian and other artists included in the association “Style”. According to its creators, neoplasticism is characterized by a desire for “universal harmony”, expressed in strictly balanced combinations of large rectangular shapes clearly separated by black perpendicular lines and painted in local colors of the main spectrum (with the addition of white and gray tones).
Neoplasticism claimed clarity, simplicity, and constructiveness of pure, unnatural geometrical forms. In substantiating his theory, Mondrian was guided by the idea of illusory nature of the contradictory nature of our world, its subjectivity. The artist’s task is to free life relations from immersion in natural forms, clean them from nature (“denature”) and give them a new formation. Continue reading
Primitivism. Naive art (From lat. Primitivus – the first, earliest) is the general name of the work of unprofessional artists of the late XIX-XX centuries, not familiar with literacy and consciously cultivating a certain “incorrectness” of their works. This is not just about unprofessional art, but about artists involved in the general art process of that time, who had some influence on contemporary professional art. Primitive artists include A. Russo, K. Bombois, L. Serafin, N. Pirosmani and others who have gained worldwide fame.
Sometimes primitivism is understood as the conscious use of primitive art forms in the work of professional artists: children’s drawings, folk art, art of other, usually exotic cultures.
Neo-primitivism. Continue reading