Op art (from English op art, short for optical art – optical art) is a neo-avant-garde trend in the visual arts, one of the later modifications of abstract art. In op art, the effects of spatial displacement, merging, and “hovering” of forms were achieved by introducing sharp color and tonal contrasts, rhythmic repetitions, intersecting spiral and lattice configurations, curving lines.
The basis of op-art is in the artistically organized optical effects (effects of spatial displacement, hovering, fusion of forms), which were achieved by geometrized combinations of lines and spots with the introduction of sharp color and tonal contrasts, rhythmic repeats, wriggling lines, the intersection of spiral and trellised configurations. The use of mirrors, lenses, trembling metal plates and wires, installations of changing light, dynamic structures, enhances the effect of exposure, creates a special aesthetic environment, achieving a high degree of abstraction from the concrete. Continue reading
Neorealism is an art movement that was developed in the visual arts in the middle of the 20th century in a number of European countries and in the United States, whose representatives, against the backdrop of modernist art, proclaimed a return to the realistic values of traditional visual forms.
This movement was initiated by the Fronte Nuovo Delle Arti, founded in 1946, which brought together anti-fascist artists from various fields, from realism to abstract art. Their goal was to overcome the pessimism of the post-war world and call for a return to art expressing universal values. In 1950, the association broke up, and the realists created an independent group, which included Renato Guttuso, Gabriele Muki, Ernesto Trekkani, Armando Pizzinato. Continue reading
Primitivism. Naive art (From lat. Primitivus – the first, earliest) is the general name of the work of unprofessional artists of the late XIX-XX centuries, not familiar with literacy and consciously cultivating a certain “incorrectness” of their works. This is not just about unprofessional art, but about artists involved in the general art process of that time, who had some influence on contemporary professional art. Primitive artists include A. Russo, K. Bombois, L. Serafin, N. Pirosmani and others who have gained worldwide fame.
Sometimes primitivism is understood as the conscious use of primitive art forms in the work of professional artists: children’s drawings, folk art, art of other, usually exotic cultures.
Neo-primitivism. Continue reading