Divisionism (from the French division – division), pointillism – the direction of neo-impressionism, writing in separate clear strokes in the form of dots or small squares. The mixing of colors with the formation of shades occurs at the stage of perception of the picture by the viewer. The most famous artists who wrote in this style: Georges Seurat (1859 – 1891), Paul Signac (1863-1935), Henri Matisse (1869-1954), Camille Pissarro, Lucien Pissarro, Henri Edmond Cross, Charles Theophilus Angran, Maximilian Luce, Hippolytus Ptizhan, Georges Lemmen, Theo Van Risselberg, Giovanni Segantini, Nikolai Meshcheryakov.
Divisionism is a pictorial method based on the purposeful decomposition of a complex color tone into spectrally pure colors, which are applied to the canvas with dots of various configurations, and then, when the viewer perceives the picture from a certain position, they optically merge into the color of the eye in the retina of the artist. Continue reading
Geometric abstractionism (other names – cold abstraction, logical, intellectual abstractionism) is a trend in abstract art based on the creation of art space by combining various geometric shapes, color planes, straight and broken lines.
Geometric abstraction grew out of the quest for the Cezanne field and the Cubists, who were the first to follow the path of deformation of nature in search of a “new reality”. She had a number of branches. In Russia, it was M. Larionov’s rayism, which arose as a kind of reaction to the latest discoveries in physics; “Lack of objection” by O. Rozanova, L. Popova and V. Tatlin, which later grew into constructivism; K. Malevich’s supermatism, in which objectivity was seen as “a new pictorial realism”; in France, partly the Orphism of Robert Delaunay; but its main representative was the Dutch group “Style” (“De Steyl”) led by P. Mondrian and T. Van Dusburg, who put forward the concept of neoplasticism – the art of pure plastic, whose task was to cleanse nature from the illusory diversity and expose it lurking in it primary circuit. Continue reading