Divisionism (from the French division – division), pointillism – the direction of neo-impressionism, writing in separate clear strokes in the form of dots or small squares. The mixing of colors with the formation of shades occurs at the stage of perception of the picture by the viewer. The most famous artists who wrote in this style: Georges Seurat (1859 – 1891), Paul Signac (1863-1935), Henri Matisse (1869-1954), Camille Pissarro, Lucien Pissarro, Henri Edmond Cross, Charles Theophilus Angran, Maximilian Luce, Hippolytus Ptizhan, Georges Lemmen, Theo Van Risselberg, Giovanni Segantini, Nikolai Meshcheryakov.
Divisionism is a pictorial method based on the purposeful decomposition of a complex color tone into spectrally pure colors, which are applied to the canvas with dots of various configurations, and then, when the viewer perceives the picture from a certain position, they optically merge into the color of the eye in the retina of the artist. Continue reading
Abstractionism (from Latin abstraction– distraction, removal) is one of the directions in the art of the 20th century, the essence of which was the complete rejection of the depiction of real objects and phenomena in painting, drawing and sculpture. Abstractionism arose on the basis of such currents as cubism, futurism and expressionism. Some areas of abstractionism (Suprematism, neoplasticism) differed in ordered designs from lines, geometric shapes and volumes of various colors. And such a direction as tashism was rather a reflection of the spontaneity and unconsciousness of creativity in the dynamics of volumes and spots. Abstractionism sought to “harmonize”, the creation of certain color combinations and geometric shapes, so that the beholder formed certain associations. The date of abstractionism can be considered 1910, it was then that its founder V.V. Kandinsky presented the first abstract work in the history of art in Munich and wrote a treatise on the Spiritual in Art, where he substantiated his own creative methodology with scientific discoveries. Continue reading