Monthly Archives: November 2018
The art of action, the abstraction of gestures (from English action painting) is a trend in American painting of the mid-twentieth century, in which paint is spontaneously applied to the canvas. The art of action is similar to abstract expressionism.
In the framework of American abstractionism, the so-called “shapeless painting” of Jackson Polock was developed, which considered the creative process to be self-valuable, and the result was not important, which made sense only as a memory of the creative process left on the canvas. Returning to primitive syncretism, Shelf transformed painting into a sacred dance of the artist. The shelf hung the canvas on the wall or laid it on the floor, “making” a shamanistic ceremony around it, the artist, as he said, “went inside the painting”. He developed a technique called dripping, which consisted of spraying paints from a can (French parallel – “Tashism” – spotting.) Continue reading
Informalism, informel (from the French art informel) is a trend in abstract art that arose in the second half of the 40s of the 20th century in France, as the opposite of geometric abstractionism and is very close to abstract expressionism and tashism. Any rules are rejected in the informal, the main role is given to emotionality and spontaneity. By this time the “academic” stage in the development of the “old school” of abstract art had ended, the leaders of which were Vasily Kandinsky, Paul Klee, Peter Mondrian, Robber Delone, Kazimir Malevich.
New trends have entered the art arena, developing in the mainstream of non-subject art – abstract expressionism (Jackson Polock, Arshile Gorky), lyrical abstraction (Georges Mathieu), tashism (Pierre Sulage, Hens Hartung) and informel.Trying to break with the traditions of the geometric school, new abstractionists seek to “revive” the color structures, to show active interaction on the canvas of color zones.
Informal art is often equated with tashism, but unlike the latter, the “sign-written” principle was sharper here, the painting became closer to the graphics. Continue reading