Monthly Archives: September 2018
Hard edges painting (from the English hard edge) is the direction of abstract painting of the 2nd half of the 20th century, in which color spots are separated by hard borders. This style is associated with geometric abstraction, post-painting abstraction and color field painting. The term was proposed by the writer, curator and art critic of the Los Angeles Times, Jules Langsner (English) in 1958. Although this definition could be applied to such areas as purism, more often by painting rigid contours they mean the type of painting that arose as a reaction to the spontaneity and pictorial technique of abstract expressionism.
The largest representatives of this direction are Ellsworth Kelly and Kenneth Noland. Also, the painting of hard contours includes the early works of Joseph Alberts and Pete Mondrian.
In the late 1950s, Langsner and Peter Selz, later Professor Claremont Colleges, noticed similarities in the works of John McLaughlin, Lorser Feitelson, Karl Benjamin, Frederick Hammersley and Helen Lundeberg. Continue reading
Decadence (from French decadence or from Latin decadentia – decadence) is a direction in literature and art of the late XIX – early XX centuries, characterized by resistance to public “philistine” morality, a cult of beauty as a self-sufficient value, which often goes along with the aesthetization of sin and vice, dual experiences of aversion to life and skillful enjoyment of it. Decadence is one of the central concepts in the criticism of F. Nietzsche’s culture, which linked decadence to the increasing role of the intellect and the weakening of the original life instincts, “the will to power”. The decadence period is saturated with hopelessness, disappointment, a decline in vitality and aesthetics.
The concept of decadence first appeared in France in the 18th century, and was associated with the names of the writers Charles Louis de Montesquieu and Desiree Nisard, it was a sign of new artistic trends that rejected positivist doctrines in art, an illusory academism. The creators thereby wanted to overcome the crisis period by creating new aesthetic and ethical values, which proceeded from the foundations of a completely new “philosophy of life”, which resurrected both irrational principles and the criteria for the unity of the world, in this aspect decadence resonates with symbolism. Continue reading
Dadaism (descended from French dadaisme, dada – a wooden horse; figuratively – incoherent baby talk) is a modernist literary and artistic movement of 1916-1922, which is characterized by conscious irrationalism and demonstrative anti-aesthetism. It was born during the First World War in Zurich (Switzerland), as a reaction to the consequences of the war, the brutality of which, according to the Dadaists, emphasized the meaninglessness of existence. Rationalism and logic were declared one of the main culprits of devastating wars and conflicts. Based on this, the Dadaists believed that modern European culture should be destroyed through the decomposition of art. The most famous Dadaists: Hans Arp (1886-1966), Marcel Duchamp (1887-1968), Max Ernst (1891-1976), Philip Supo (1897-1990), Tristan Tzara (1896-1963). Continue reading