Monthly Archives: July 2018
Geometric abstractionism (other names – cold abstraction, logical, intellectual abstractionism) is a trend in abstract art based on the creation of art space by combining various geometric shapes, color planes, straight and broken lines.
Geometric abstraction grew out of the quest for the Cezanne field and the Cubists, who were the first to follow the path of deformation of nature in search of a “new reality”. She had a number of branches. In Russia, it was M. Larionov’s rayism, which arose as a kind of reaction to the latest discoveries in physics; “Lack of objection” by O. Rozanova, L. Popova and V. Tatlin, which later grew into constructivism; K. Malevich’s supermatism, in which objectivity was seen as “a new pictorial realism”; in France, partly the Orphism of Robert Delaunay; but its main representative was the Dutch group “Style” (“De Steyl”) led by P. Mondrian and T. Van Dusburg, who put forward the concept of neoplasticism – the art of pure plastic, whose task was to cleanse nature from the illusory diversity and expose it lurking in it primary circuit. Continue reading
Verism (from Italian. Il verismo, from the word vero – true, truthful) is a realistic trend in Italian fine art of the late 19th century. The term originated in the 17th century, was used in the visual arts and denoted a realistic stream in Baroque painting. Then the term is revived in the second half of the 19th century, being a designation (very vague, vague) of a realistic and naturalistic trend in Italian art. The most famous artists of this direction are J. Fattori, S. Lega, T. Sinrini, O. Borrani, V. Kabyanka, J. Abbati and others.
The principles of verisma were formed mainly under the influence of French naturalism. Relying on the work of E. Zola, G. Flaubert and G. de Maupassant, verists set the main tasks of their work to be objective and a scientific approach to the study of facts (from the standpoint of positivism) in depicting the life realities of modern Italian society, everyday life and psychology of ordinary people. Continue reading