Neorealism
Neorealism is an art movement that was developed in the visual arts in the middle of the 20th century in a number of European countries and in the United States,…

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Abstract expressionism
Abstract expressionism (Eng. Abstract expressionism) - a trend in abstract art that arose in the United States in the 1940s. and represented mainly by a flock of artists of the…

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Avant-gardism
Avant-gardism (from the French avant-garde - advanced detachment) - a set of experimental, modernist, emphasized unusual, exploratory endeavors in the art of the 20th century. The avant-garde directions are: Fauvism,…

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Monthly Archives: June 2018

Baroque

Baroque (from Italian. Barocco – strange, bizarre) – from the end of the XVI to the middle of the XVIII centuries. was the mainstream dominating in Europe and America. A distinctive feature of Baroque is the striving for a solemn “great style”, which reflects the complexity, diversity and variability of the world. Baroque is characterized by contrast, tension, dynamic images, affectation, a tendency to majesty and splendor, to a combination of reality and illusory, to the fusion of arts. The tendency towards the autonomy of certain genres (concerto grosso, sonata, suite in instrumental music) continued. Baroque architecture is notable for its spatial scope, cohesion, fluidity of complex, usually curved forms, for painting and sculpture – these are ceremonial portraits and spectacular decorative compositions. Baroque principles were used in literature, music and theater. Baroque is characterized by a variety of national options (Baroque of Slavic countries). The center for the development of baroque is Italy, it was in such cities as Rome, Mantova, Venice, Florence that this current was born. Continue reading

Art Deco

Art Deco (from the French art deco, abbr. From decoratif) – a direction in art in the middle of the 20th century, which marked the synthesis of avant-garde and neoclassicism, replaced constructivism. Distinctive features of this trend: fatigue, geometric lines, luxury, chic, expensive materials (ivory, crocodile skin). The most famous artist in this direction is Tamara de Lempicka (1898-1980).

Art Deco is an eclectic design style. French style name “Art deco” was determined by the results of the exhibition “Internationale des Arts Decoratifs Industriels et Modernes”, held in Paris in 1925. Among the most prominent representatives of the style, it is worth noting Rene Lalique, Tamara de Lempicka, Pauls Manship, Raymond Goode, as well as William van Alens. The main principle of the art deco style is the dominance of form, design and color. The surrounding ornament goes into the background. The work uses bright color shades. Preference is given to stylized abstract motifs instead of natural ones. Continue reading

Cubism
Cubism (from French cubisme, came from cube - cube) is a modernist trend in painting of the early twentieth century, which highlighted the formal task of constructing volumetric shapes on…

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Ar brut
Ar brut (French Art brut - rough, raw art) is a trend in European art of the mid-twentieth century, the founder and leader of which was the French artist Jean…

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The new materiality
The new materiality (German Neue Sachlichkeit) is an art movement in German art of the 1920s - early 1930s, which represented the tradition of neoclassicism in the general context of…

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Naturalism
Naturalism - (French naturalisme, from lat. Natura - nature) - a direction in literature and art that developed in the last third of the XIX century in Europe and the…

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