Monthly Archives: June 2018
Baroque (from Italian. Barocco – strange, bizarre) – from the end of the XVI to the middle of the XVIII centuries. was the mainstream dominating in Europe and America. A distinctive feature of Baroque is the striving for a solemn “great style”, which reflects the complexity, diversity and variability of the world. Baroque is characterized by contrast, tension, dynamic images, affectation, a tendency to majesty and splendor, to a combination of reality and illusory, to the fusion of arts. The tendency towards the autonomy of certain genres (concerto grosso, sonata, suite in instrumental music) continued. Baroque architecture is notable for its spatial scope, cohesion, fluidity of complex, usually curved forms, for painting and sculpture – these are ceremonial portraits and spectacular decorative compositions. Baroque principles were used in literature, music and theater. Baroque is characterized by a variety of national options (Baroque of Slavic countries). The center for the development of baroque is Italy, it was in such cities as Rome, Mantova, Venice, Florence that this current was born. Continue reading
Art Deco (from the French art deco, abbr. From decoratif) – a direction in art in the middle of the 20th century, which marked the synthesis of avant-garde and neoclassicism, replaced constructivism. Distinctive features of this trend: fatigue, geometric lines, luxury, chic, expensive materials (ivory, crocodile skin). The most famous artist in this direction is Tamara de Lempicka (1898-1980).
Art Deco is an eclectic design style. French style name “Art deco” was determined by the results of the exhibition “Internationale des Arts Decoratifs Industriels et Modernes”, held in Paris in 1925. Among the most prominent representatives of the style, it is worth noting Rene Lalique, Tamara de Lempicka, Pauls Manship, Raymond Goode, as well as William van Alens. The main principle of the art deco style is the dominance of form, design and color. The surrounding ornament goes into the background. The work uses bright color shades. Preference is given to stylized abstract motifs instead of natural ones. Continue reading