Monthly Archives: May 2018
Arte povera (ital. Arte povera – poor art) – the direction of the avant-garde that took shape in Italian art in the late 1960s and early 1970s. and widely used in other European countries. It was based on the creation of installations from industrial and natural facilities, with preference being given to the simplest, “poorest” materials (such as earth, sand, coal, garbage, basic household items, old worn clothes and shoes, etc. )
The Arte Povera movement arose as a response to the increased intellectualism and rationalism of minimalism and conceptualism, with their expensive materials and technologies for making objects of art. The artists of Arte Povera, creating their works, turned to the “world of simple things” that immediately surround a person, sought to reveal a special poetics of the ordinary, playing in contrasts – tearing things out of their usual context and putting them in a different reality, the reality of magnificent palace halls and museum rooms. Continue reading
Ar brut (French Art brut – rough, raw art) is a trend in European art of the mid-twentieth century, the founder and leader of which was the French artist Jean Dubuffet, who developed the concept of pure art, an art that rejects beauty and harmony. Each person is an artist, for a human being to draw is as natural as talking or walking. Unburdened by the traditions and knowledge of the “suffocating culture”, he creates instinctively and directly. Close directions are marginal art, naive, intuitive art, folk art, primitivism.
According to Dubuffet, Ar brut is creativity in its purest manifestation: a spontaneous mental outburst from the depths of the mind and consciousness, imprinted on paper or embodied in material. He turns to the art of the mentally ill, people. Isolated from society, considering only their true artists, possessing the subjectivity that gives a person a true individuality. Continue reading