Modernism
Modernism (came from Italian. Modernismo - "modern movement") - the general name of the directions of art and literature of the late 19-20 century: cubism, Dada, surrealism, modern, futurism, expressionism,…

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Arte povera
Arte povera (ital. Arte povera - poor art) - the direction of the avant-garde that took shape in Italian art in the late 1960s and early 1970s. and widely used…

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Hard edges painting
Hard edges painting (from the English hard edge) is the direction of abstract painting of the 2nd half of the 20th century, in which color spots are separated by hard…

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Primitivism

Primitivism is a painting style that originated in the XIX-XX centuries. The primitivists intentionally simplified the picture, making its forms primitive, like folk art, the work of a child or a primitive person. The main difference from naive art: naive is the painting of lay people, and primitivism is the stylized painting of professionals. The most famous artists in this direction are Marc Chagall, Niko Pirosmani.

Primitivism – Art Naive – “Painting of seven Sundays a week” is the art of people who have not lost a Child in their soul. This is “middle art”, torn off from the folklore “earth” and not raised to the scientific and artistic “sky”. Its roots go back to the childhood of mankind, when art was inseparable from life. There was no difference between a hunter and an artist, a mistress and a dancer. There was only a separation between men and women. Continue reading

Orphism

Orphism (French orphisme, named after the character of the ancient Greek mythology of the singer Orpheus) is a trend in European painting of the 1910s, close to cubism and futurism. The term “Orphism” was invented by the poet and art critic Guillaume Apollinaire (Orphism as the culprit of Orpheus) to characterize the work of Robert Delaunay and publicly announced during a lecture on contemporary painting in October 1912. The proposed name, the poet apparently wanted to emphasize a particular musicality , intuitiveness, irrationality of abstract art Delaunay.

Subsequently, Apollinaire extended this concept to the work of cubists, Dadaists and artists of the Blue Horseman group (Kandinsky, Mark, Macke, Yavlensky), introducing a certain confusion into the essence of the concept itself.

Orphism is a local, short-lived stream in painting, represented by the names of Robert Delaunay, his wife Sonya Terk-Delaunay, Frantisek Kupka and their few followers, among whom the most prominent figures were Fernand Leger, Francis Picabia, Vladimir Baranova-Rossine. Continue reading

Op art

Op art (from English op art, short for optical art – optical art) is a neo-avant-garde trend in the visual arts, one of the later modifications of abstract art. In op art, the effects of spatial displacement, merging, and “hovering” of forms were achieved by introducing sharp color and tonal contrasts, rhythmic repetitions, intersecting spiral and lattice configurations, curving lines.

The basis of op-art is in the artistically organized optical effects (effects of spatial displacement, hovering, fusion of forms), which were achieved by geometrized combinations of lines and spots with the introduction of sharp color and tonal contrasts, rhythmic repeats, wriggling lines, the intersection of spiral and trellised configurations. The use of mirrors, lenses, trembling metal plates and wires, installations of changing light, dynamic structures, enhances the effect of exposure, creates a special aesthetic environment, achieving a high degree of abstraction from the concrete. Continue reading

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Arte povera
Arte povera (ital. Arte povera - poor art) - the direction of the avant-garde that took shape in Italian art in the late 1960s and early 1970s. and widely used…

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Art Nouveau
Art Nouveau (came from the French moderne - the newest, most modern) - style in European and American style on the shore of the XIX-XX centuries. Art Nouveau reinterpreted and…

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Abstractionism
Abstractionism (from Latin abstraction– distraction, removal) is one of the directions in the art of the 20th century, the essence of which was the complete rejection of the depiction of…

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Color field painting
Color field painting (from the English color field) is an abstract painting style that arose in New York City in the 1940-1950s. She was inspired by European modernism and was…

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