Art Nouveau (came from the French moderne – the newest, most modern) – style in European and American style on the shore of the XIX-XX centuries. Art Nouveau reinterpreted and stylized the features of the art of different epoxes, and worked out appropriate techniques, based on the principle of asymmetry, ornamentality and decorativeness. Its distinctive features are: the rejection of straight lines and angles in favor of more natural, natural lines. This is not only a matter of interest to the solid components in the products, but their size is also very small, and they are very small in size. Artists who wrote in the Art Nouveau style: Paul Gauguin (1848-1903), Gustav Klimt (1862-1918), Alphonse Mucha.
Art Nouveau painting was filled with the poetics of symbolism, combining its characteristic images with a complex rhythm, a linear composition in conjunction with a decorative color spot. Signs of the Art Nouveau style are considered to be a special smoothness of forms, elongated figures, underlined contours, clear monochromatic surfaces. In modern painting, the effect of depth was of secondary importance, the whole image looked flat, and in other cases it seemed to be decorated with appliqués with a wall carpet.
Often, artists used plant motifs in their works. The stems, leaves and flowers of wilted exotic plants were woven into a bizarre pattern in which figures of women or fantastic creatures sometimes appeared.
Art Nouveau discovers addiction to certain subjects and themes. These are allegorical plots (war, death, sin, love), motives expressing the impulsive manifestations of passion (awe, play, swirling movement). Thanks to such qualities, the symbolic language of Art Nouveau was often used by Symbolists to translate their ideas and images.
P. Gauguin, M. Denis, P. Bonnard in France, G. Klimt in Austria, E. Munch in Norway, M. Vrubel, V. Vasnetsov, E. Polenova, A. Benois, L. Bakst, are associated with modern painting. K. Somov in Russia.