Primitivism
Primitivism. Naive art (From lat. Primitivus - the first, earliest) is the general name of the work of unprofessional artists of the late XIX-XX centuries, not familiar with literacy and…

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Kitsch, kitsch
Kitsch, kitsch (from German kitsch - bad taste) is a term denoting one of the most odious phenomena of mass culture, a synonym for pseudo-art, in which the main attention…

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Geometric abstractionism
Geometric abstractionism (other names - cold abstraction, logical, intellectual abstractionism) is a trend in abstract art based on the creation of art space by combining various geometric shapes, color planes,…

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Metaphysical paintin

Metaphysical painting – (from the Greek meta – after and phisika – nature, metaphysics – the science of spiritual phenomena inaccessible to experienced knowledge, the transcendental principles of the world) – a trend in Italian art that arose in 1916 in Ferrara. Its creators were painters Giorgio De Chirico, Carlo Carra, Giorgio Morandi. Subsequently, Morandi and Carra changed their style and de Chirico remained the only leader, in the paintings of which the geometrization and stiffness of forms symbolized “eternity, the metaphysics of time and space”, irrational connections between externally unrelated objects. Metaphysical art was not widespread, but had a great influence on other artists. It was close to symbolism and became the forerunner of another powerful art movement – surrealism.The term “metaphysical art” can be used in a broader sense as a synonym for irrational, illogical, mysterious.

In the years 1916-1922. Giorgio De Chirico and Alberto Savinio published a series of theoretical works on metaphysical painting. Two fundamental principles of metaphysical poetics were formulated by them as “phantom” and “irony”. The paintings of “metaphysicians”, filled with images of classical architecture and plastic, expressed a fantastic dimension, imbued with a sense of vague expectation and anxiety, where figures resembling statues and mannequins loomed in numb spaces. The dummy theme becomes the leitmotif of the paintings by De Chirico and Cara. Morandi, on the contrary, turned to a still life in which objects are likened to dummies or turning blanks. These kind of masks of things are located in geometrically organized and devoid of optical unity spaces.

Metaphysical canvases are full of hints, associations, literary references. In them, a dream and a metaphor become the basis for moving reality beyond the framework of ordinary logic, and the contrast between the realistic accuracy of objects and the lyrical, expressive atmosphere enhances this tension.

The movement did not create either its own school or a specific group, it was rather a vivid expression of the crisis of Italian futurism and in this sense it had a huge impact in Italy and throughout Europe, paving the way for other neoclassical trends (Valori plastici and Novecento) )

Masters of metaphysical painting: Giorgio De Chirico, Carlo Cara, Alberto Savinio, Luigi De Pisis, Giorgio Morandi.

Dadaism
Dadaism (descended from French dadaisme, dada - a wooden horse; figuratively - incoherent baby talk) is a modernist literary and artistic movement of 1916-1922, which is characterized by conscious irrationalism…

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Impressionism
Impressionism (from French impression - impression) is a trend in European painting that originated in France in the mid-19th century. Impressionists avoided all the details in the drawing and tried…

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Kinetic art
Kinetic art - (came from the Greek. Kineticos - driving) - the trend in modern art, associated with the widespread use of moving objects, which is based on the idea…

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Minimalism
Minimalism (came from the English. Minimal art - minimal art) is an artistic movement proceeding from a minimal transformation of materials used in the process of creation, simplicity and uniformity…

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