Metarealism (came from the Greek meta – between, after, through, and gealis – material, real) is the realism of many realities connected by the continuity of metabolic transformations and state changes. There is a reality open to the ant’s vision, and a reality open to the wandering of an electron, and a reality folded into a mathematical formula. The metareal image, metamorphosis, metabolism is a way of interconnecting all these realities, affirming their growing unity.
Metarealism is a style in Russian literature and art that took shape in the 70s, but gained fame in the 80s. Representatives of metarealism. In poetry – I. Zhdanov, O. Sedakova, V. Aristov, A. Parshchikov, I. Kutik, A. Eremenko, V. Salimon and others. In painting: E. Dybsky, Z. Sherman, E. Gor, B .Morkovnikov, A. Tsedlik and others.
The term “metarealism” arose in December 1982, after an evening of hyper-realists in the Artist’s House. 1 It became clear that overcoming typical realism goes in at least two ways. Some artists fix / and enlarge / the outer, illusionist layer of reality, while others tear it down. Some hypertrophy the visible surface of things, others expose their meta – physical depth. One characteristic of hyperbole is exaggeration of cash. To another – METABOL – displacement to another, “throw” to the possible (“metabola” literally means “overthrow”, “overthrow”, “move”, “turn”).
The concept of “metarealism” can be read in two ways. In philosophical terms, this is meta-physical realism, i.e. realism is not a physical reality, but the superphysical nature of things. In terms of style, this is metaphorical realism, passing from the conditional similarity of things to their real mutual involvement, i.e. from metaphor to metabolism. The prototype of the metabolism in the mythological art of antiquity is metamorphosis (see the chapter “From Metaphor to Metamorphosis” in M. Epstein’s article “The Generation that Finds Itself”, “Questions of Literature”, 1986, E5, pp. 64-72).
If at the syncretic stage of art, phenomena turn into each other (metamorphosis), and at the stage of differentiation they are likened to each other purely conditionally (metaphor), then at the synthetic stage they reveal involvement in each other, i.e. convertibility while maintaining separateness; integration based on differentiation (metabolism). Following the metaphor, art reaches its limit, beyond which begins the field of modern metabolism.