Classicism
Classicism (derived from the Latin classicus - exemplary) is an artistic style and aesthetic trend in European literature and art of the 17th - beginning of the 19th centuries, one…

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Modernism
Modernism (came from Italian. Modernismo - "modern movement") - the general name of the directions of art and literature of the late 19-20 century: cubism, Dada, surrealism, modern, futurism, expressionism,…

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Constructivism
Constructivism is a trend in Soviet art of the 1920s. XX century The proponents of constructivism, having put forward the task of constructing an environment that actively guides life processes,…

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Kitsch, kitsch

Kitsch, kitsch (from German kitsch – bad taste) is a term denoting one of the most odious phenomena of mass culture, a synonym for pseudo-art, in which the main attention is paid to the extravagance of the external appearance, the loudness of its elements. In essence, kitsch is a form of postmodernism. Kitsch is a massive art for the elite. A work belonging to kitsch must be done at a high artistic level, it should have a fascinating plot, but this is not a real work of art in a high sense, but a skillful fake for it. There can be deep psychological conflicts in kitsch, but there are no genuine artistic discoveries and revelations.

The opinions of art critics are extremely evaluative (“bad taste”, “cheap stuff”, “false”, “sugary”, etc.), although interesting detailing of the forms and methods of kitsch (accessibility, realism, parody, etc.) should be noted. ) Of course, this point of view is justified if we consider kitsch as an art: the luxury and pomposity, to which he often gravitates, look doubtful.

However, what we call kitsch is not art and performs special, distinct from artistic functions. Not the aesthetic values ​​of the work, but its adequacy to the requirements of the mass consumer makes kitsch attractive and profitable from a commercial point of view, but it exists in the market space and, like any product, operates in a demand-offer system.

Analytical art
Analytical art is an artistic method developed and justified by Pavel Filonov in theoretical works (“Canon and the Law”, 1912; “Paintings Made”, 1914; “Declaration of the World Prosperity”, 1923) and…

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Gothic
Gothic (from Italian. Gotico - unusual, barbaric) is a period in the development of medieval art, covering almost all areas of culture and developing in Western, Central and partly Eastern…

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Arte povera
Arte povera (ital. Arte povera - poor art) - the direction of the avant-garde that took shape in Italian art in the late 1960s and early 1970s. and widely used…

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Primitivism
Primitivism is a painting style that originated in the XIX-XX centuries. The primitivists intentionally simplified the picture, making its forms primitive, like folk art, the work of a child or…

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