Kinetic art – (came from the Greek. Kineticos – driving) – the trend in modern art, associated with the widespread use of moving objects, which is based on the idea of the movement of form. By the dynamics of an object is meant not just its physical movement, but any change, transformation, in a word, any form of the “life” of a work while the viewer contemplates it.
Elements of kinetism, i.e. the desire to “revive”, for example, sculpture existed from ancient times. In a folk toy (northern spill bird or a Bogorodskaya toy), in theatrical scenography, in automatic dolls, you can find the embryos of kinetic art. The constructivist artists were particularly active in their searches in this area in the 1920s and 1930s. The twentieth century, trying to materialize the idea of movement and give their works more activity in interaction with the environment. The heyday of kinetism in world art came in the 1950-60s. (then the term was born). At this time, the artists designed a kind of synthetic mystery, using the movement of light, sound and even smell, which found its continuation in a variety of light shows and street performances (the movement group L. Nusberg and F. Infante). In other countries, the most famous were the “mobiles” of A. Calder, the self-destructing machines of J. Tangley, and the urban plans of N. Schoffer.