The new materiality
The new materiality (German Neue Sachlichkeit) is an art movement in German art of the 1920s - early 1930s, which represented the tradition of neoclassicism in the general context of…

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Mannerism
Mannerism (Mannerism, Italian. Maniera - style, manner), a term used in the theory of fine art. He became popular thanks to the artist and biographer of the 16th century Vasari,…

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Anachronism
Anachronism (from the Greek. Ana - back and hronos - time), another name - hyper-Mannerism - one of the directions of postmodernism, offering an author's interpretation of the art of…

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Informalism, informe

Informalism, informel (from the French art informel) is a trend in abstract art that arose in the second half of the 40s of the 20th century in France, as the opposite of geometric abstractionism and is very close to abstract expressionism and tashism. Any rules are rejected in the informal, the main role is given to emotionality and spontaneity. By this time the “academic” stage in the development of the “old school” of abstract art had ended, the leaders of which were Vasily Kandinsky, Paul Klee, Peter Mondrian, Robber Delone, Kazimir Malevich.

New trends have entered the art arena, developing in the mainstream of non-subject art – abstract expressionism (Jackson Polock, Arshile Gorky), lyrical abstraction (Georges Mathieu), tashism (Pierre Sulage, Hens Hartung) and informel.Trying to break with the traditions of the geometric school, new abstractionists seek to “revive” the color structures, to show active interaction on the canvas of color zones.

Informal art is often equated with tashism, but unlike the latter, the “sign-written” principle was sharper here, the painting became closer to the graphics.

The term “Informel” was first coined in the early 1950s. Parisian art critic Michelle Tapier. The first samples of this new art appeared in the late 1940s, and its heyday fell on the 1950-1960s. From the very beginning, two channels were outlined in Informel – pictorial and relief. If the former used the traditional painting technique (brushes and paints), focusing on color and shape, the latter used gypsum, cement, sand, gravel, various fabrics, and ropes as the basis for paintings, highlighting the materiality and tactility of simple materials.

The paintings of informal artists were intellectual ideograms, primitive rock art graffiti, geological sections of the earth, geographical maps, the remains of archaeological research, fossilized primitive animals, etc. However, the main thing in both directions was not associations with specific realities, but the creation of special abstract worlds that carried the viewer into the depths of his own “I”, the creation of peculiar “psychograms” arising as a result of the artists’ internal ideas and experiences.

Masters of informal art: Jean Dubuffet, Anthony Tapies, Emil Schumacher, Fritz Winter, Antonio Korpora, Nicola de Stael, Jean-Paul Riopelle.

Neoplasticism
Neoplasticism is one of the earliest varieties of abstract art. Created by 1917 by the Dutch painter P. Mondrian and other artists included in the association "Style". According to its…

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Neo-impressionism
Neo-impressionism - (French neoimpressionisme) - a kind of post-impressionism; the artistic direction in painting that arose in France around 1885, the main theorist and inspirer of which was Georges Seurat.…

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Op art
Op art (from English op art, short for optical art - optical art) is a neo-avant-garde trend in the visual arts, one of the later modifications of abstract art. In…

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Naturalism
Naturalism - (French naturalisme, from lat. Natura - nature) - a direction in literature and art that developed in the last third of the XIX century in Europe and the…

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