Informalism, informel (from the French art informel) is a trend in abstract art that arose in the second half of the 40s of the 20th century in France, as the opposite of geometric abstractionism and is very close to abstract expressionism and tashism. Any rules are rejected in the informal, the main role is given to emotionality and spontaneity. By this time the “academic” stage in the development of the “old school” of abstract art had ended, the leaders of which were Vasily Kandinsky, Paul Klee, Peter Mondrian, Robber Delone, Kazimir Malevich.
New trends have entered the art arena, developing in the mainstream of non-subject art – abstract expressionism (Jackson Polock, Arshile Gorky), lyrical abstraction (Georges Mathieu), tashism (Pierre Sulage, Hens Hartung) and informel.Trying to break with the traditions of the geometric school, new abstractionists seek to “revive” the color structures, to show active interaction on the canvas of color zones.
Informal art is often equated with tashism, but unlike the latter, the “sign-written” principle was sharper here, the painting became closer to the graphics.
The term “Informel” was first coined in the early 1950s. Parisian art critic Michelle Tapier. The first samples of this new art appeared in the late 1940s, and its heyday fell on the 1950-1960s. From the very beginning, two channels were outlined in Informel – pictorial and relief. If the former used the traditional painting technique (brushes and paints), focusing on color and shape, the latter used gypsum, cement, sand, gravel, various fabrics, and ropes as the basis for paintings, highlighting the materiality and tactility of simple materials.
The paintings of informal artists were intellectual ideograms, primitive rock art graffiti, geological sections of the earth, geographical maps, the remains of archaeological research, fossilized primitive animals, etc. However, the main thing in both directions was not associations with specific realities, but the creation of special abstract worlds that carried the viewer into the depths of his own “I”, the creation of peculiar “psychograms” arising as a result of the artists’ internal ideas and experiences.
Masters of informal art: Jean Dubuffet, Anthony Tapies, Emil Schumacher, Fritz Winter, Antonio Korpora, Nicola de Stael, Jean-Paul Riopelle.