Metarealism
Metarealism (came from the Greek meta - between, after, through, and gealis - material, real) is the realism of many realities connected by the continuity of metabolic transformations and state…

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Lyrical abstraction
Lyrical abstraction, lyrical-emotional, psychological abstractionism is one of the areas of abstract art, which is characterized by a desire for a direct expression of the artist’s emotional, mental states and…

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Metaphysical paintin
Metaphysical painting - (from the Greek meta - after and phisika - nature, metaphysics - the science of spiritual phenomena inaccessible to experienced knowledge, the transcendental principles of the world)…

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Divisionism

Divisionism (from the French division – division), pointillism – the direction of neo-impressionism, writing in separate clear strokes in the form of dots or small squares. The mixing of colors with the formation of shades occurs at the stage of perception of the picture by the viewer. The most famous artists who wrote in this style: Georges Seurat (1859 – 1891), Paul Signac (1863-1935), Henri Matisse (1869-1954), Camille Pissarro, Lucien Pissarro, Henri Edmond Cross, Charles Theophilus Angran, Maximilian Luce, Hippolytus Ptizhan, Georges Lemmen, Theo Van Risselberg, Giovanni Segantini, Nikolai Meshcheryakov.

Divisionism is a pictorial method based on the purposeful decomposition of a complex color tone into spectrally pure colors, which are applied to the canvas with dots of various configurations, and then, when the viewer perceives the picture from a certain position, they optically merge into the color of the eye in the retina of the artist.

The elements of divisionism clearly manifest themselves already in the open-air painting of the Impressionists, who used this method more intuitively, guided by emotions and observation, rather than knowledge and reason.

The founders of divisionism are neo-impressionist painters Georges Seurat and Paul Signac, who tried to bring to a logical conclusion the empirical findings of their predecessors, combining art and science. Based on the psychophysiology of color perception and theoretical works by Eugene Chevreul, Ogden Rud and German Helmholtz, they scientifically substantiated the new pictorial method and practically applied it in their work.

Divisionism contrasted the randomness and randomness of the impressionist strokes with a clear system of calculating and overlapping points, which made the artist’s work very difficult and time-consuming, and the method of writing was strict and dry, but at the same time led to the effect of creating more intense colors, tones and light in the painting.

Camille Pissarro, who briefly joined the neo-Impressionists, called them “scientific impressionists”, thereby emphasizing the fundamental difference between his former comrades (“romantic impressionists”) and the new young associates.

As a movement, divisionism developed in addition to France in Belgium (Theo Van Risselberg) and especially in Italy (Giovanni Segantini) at the end of the 19th century, becoming one of the sources of the emergence of futurism there.

Masters of Divisionism: Georges Seurat, Paul Signac, Camille Pissarro, Lucien Pissarro, Henri Edmond Cross, Charles Theophilus Angran, Maximilian Luce, Hippolytus Ptizhan, Georges Lemmen, Theo Van Risselberg, Giovanni Segantini, Nikolai Mescheryakov.

Constructivism
Constructivism is a trend in Soviet art of the 1920s. XX century The proponents of constructivism, having put forward the task of constructing an environment that actively guides life processes,…

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Luchism
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Color field painting
Color field painting (from the English color field) is an abstract painting style that arose in New York City in the 1940-1950s. She was inspired by European modernism and was…

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Hard edges painting
Hard edges painting (from the English hard edge) is the direction of abstract painting of the 2nd half of the 20th century, in which color spots are separated by hard…

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