Kinetic art
Kinetic art - (came from the Greek. Kineticos - driving) - the trend in modern art, associated with the widespread use of moving objects, which is based on the idea…

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Lyrical abstraction
Lyrical abstraction, lyrical-emotional, psychological abstractionism is one of the areas of abstract art, which is characterized by a desire for a direct expression of the artist’s emotional, mental states and…

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Academism
Academism (from the French academisme) is a direction in European painting of the 16th-19th centuries. It was based on dogmatic following the external forms of classical art. Followers characterized this…

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Avant-gardism

Avant-gardism (from the French avant-garde – advanced detachment) – a set of experimental, modernist, emphasized unusual, exploratory endeavors in the art of the 20th century. The avant-garde directions are: Fauvism, Cubism, Futurism, Expressionism, abstractionism, surrealism, actionism, pop art, conceptual art.

At different historical stages, the role of the avant-garde was played by successive currents: 1900-1910. – the time of the appearance of Fauvism, Cubism, Futurism, Expressionism, Dada, abstract art; in the 1920-1930s. Surrealism comes to the fore, in the post-war period, new trends of abstractionism arise – abstract expressionism, Tashism, informal art, etc .; 1960-1970s – the transitional era from the “classical” avant-garde to neo-avant-garde, or postmodernism with its components – actionism, pop art, conceptualism, kinetic art and other artistic art practices.

With all the variety of creative programs, ideas and methods of avant-garde movements in them, common features inherent in all can be distinguished: first of all, the desire for “liberation from form”, complete freedom of expression and emancipation, which was expressed primarily in a negative attitude to traditional art, rejection of the classical norms of pictoriality and beauty; as well as the associativity of thinking and the shocking nature of the presentation of their creations.

The main goal of avant-garde artists saw the creation of their subjective model of the world, a kind of “second reality” within life itself. Therefore, they sought to erase the boundaries between art and reality, to invade areas that were previously considered incompatible with art, to include works of art in the human environment. The slogan “Art – to life” is the best suited to determine the fundamental principle of Avant-garde, which has been rapidly developed in such forms as readymade, installation, environmental protection, happening.

Loosening the foundations of traditional art, creating many techniques, methods, forms of artistic and anti-artistic expression, avant-garde artists contributed to the emergence and development of new types of art, such as photography, cinema, electronic music.

Masters of avant-garde – Marcel Duchamp, Henri Matisse, Pablo Picasso, Georges Braque, Vasily Kandinsky, Casimir Malevich, Paul Cezanne, Umberto Boccioni, Giacomo Balla, Salvador Dali, Max Ernst, Rene Margritte.

Ar brut
Ar brut (French Art brut - rough, raw art) is a trend in European art of the mid-twentieth century, the founder and leader of which was the French artist Jean…

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Primitivism
Primitivism is a painting style that originated in the XIX-XX centuries. The primitivists intentionally simplified the picture, making its forms primitive, like folk art, the work of a child or…

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Empire
Empire (from the French. Empire - empire) - a style in architecture and decorative art that arose in France at the beginning of the 19th century, during the First Empire…

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Impressionism
Impressionism (from French impression - impression) is a trend in European painting that originated in France in the mid-19th century. Impressionists avoided all the details in the drawing and tried…

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