Neorealism
Neorealism is an art movement that was developed in the visual arts in the middle of the 20th century in a number of European countries and in the United States,…

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Hyperrealism, photorealism, superrealism
Hyperrealism, photorealism, superrealism - a style in painting and sculpture, based on the photorealization of the object. Hyperrealism arose in the USA in the middle of the 20th century. The…

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Analytical art
Analytical art is an artistic method developed and justified by Pavel Filonov in theoretical works (“Canon and the Law”, 1912; “Paintings Made”, 1914; “Declaration of the World Prosperity”, 1923) and…

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Arte povera

Arte povera (ital. Arte povera – poor art) – the direction of the avant-garde that took shape in Italian art in the late 1960s and early 1970s. and widely used in other European countries. It was based on the creation of installations from industrial and natural facilities, with preference being given to the simplest, “poorest” materials (such as earth, sand, coal, garbage, basic household items, old worn clothes and shoes, etc. )

The Arte Povera movement arose as a response to the increased intellectualism and rationalism of minimalism and conceptualism, with their expensive materials and technologies for making objects of art. The artists of Arte Povera, creating their works, turned to the “world of simple things” that immediately surround a person, sought to reveal a special poetics of the ordinary, playing in contrasts – tearing things out of their usual context and putting them in a different reality, the reality of magnificent palace halls and museum rooms.

In this case, special attention was paid to the heterogeneity of objects (plaster casts of heads from antique statues and charcoal bags or gas burners), short-lived materials that change under the influence of the atmosphere or due to their chemical and physical properties (such as wax, sponge, rubber, etc. .). This gave the works of Arte Povere a certain artistic symbolism, not amenable to unambiguous interpretation. Art, surrounding us everywhere, is fleeting and elusive, like a moment of life. It is ephemeral. And it means useless, but this is its beauty.

Masters of Arte Povera: Mario Merz, Yannis Kunellis, Lucio Fontana, Giovanni Anselmo, Giulio Paolini, Gilberto Zorio, Pino Pascali, Aligiero Boetti, Mario Ceroli, Luciano Febri, Giuseppe Penoni, Michelangelo Pistoletto.

Primitivism
Primitivism. Naive art (From lat. Primitivus - the first, earliest) is the general name of the work of unprofessional artists of the late XIX-XX centuries, not familiar with literacy and…

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Color field painting
Color field painting (from the English color field) is an abstract painting style that arose in New York City in the 1940-1950s. She was inspired by European modernism and was…

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Geometric abstractionism
Geometric abstractionism (other names - cold abstraction, logical, intellectual abstractionism) is a trend in abstract art based on the creation of art space by combining various geometric shapes, color planes,…

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Impressionism
Impressionism (from French impression - impression) is a trend in European painting that originated in France in the mid-19th century. Impressionists avoided all the details in the drawing and tried…

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