Arte povera (ital. Arte povera – poor art) – the direction of the avant-garde that took shape in Italian art in the late 1960s and early 1970s. and widely used in other European countries. It was based on the creation of installations from industrial and natural facilities, with preference being given to the simplest, “poorest” materials (such as earth, sand, coal, garbage, basic household items, old worn clothes and shoes, etc. )
The Arte Povera movement arose as a response to the increased intellectualism and rationalism of minimalism and conceptualism, with their expensive materials and technologies for making objects of art. The artists of Arte Povera, creating their works, turned to the “world of simple things” that immediately surround a person, sought to reveal a special poetics of the ordinary, playing in contrasts – tearing things out of their usual context and putting them in a different reality, the reality of magnificent palace halls and museum rooms.
In this case, special attention was paid to the heterogeneity of objects (plaster casts of heads from antique statues and charcoal bags or gas burners), short-lived materials that change under the influence of the atmosphere or due to their chemical and physical properties (such as wax, sponge, rubber, etc. .). This gave the works of Arte Povere a certain artistic symbolism, not amenable to unambiguous interpretation. Art, surrounding us everywhere, is fleeting and elusive, like a moment of life. It is ephemeral. And it means useless, but this is its beauty.
Masters of Arte Povera: Mario Merz, Yannis Kunellis, Lucio Fontana, Giovanni Anselmo, Giulio Paolini, Gilberto Zorio, Pino Pascali, Aligiero Boetti, Mario Ceroli, Luciano Febri, Giuseppe Penoni, Michelangelo Pistoletto.