Ar brut (French Art brut – rough, raw art) is a trend in European art of the mid-twentieth century, the founder and leader of which was the French artist Jean Dubuffet, who developed the concept of pure art, an art that rejects beauty and harmony. Each person is an artist, for a human being to draw is as natural as talking or walking. Unburdened by the traditions and knowledge of the “suffocating culture”, he creates instinctively and directly. Close directions are marginal art, naive, intuitive art, folk art, primitivism.
According to Dubuffet, Ar brut is creativity in its purest manifestation: a spontaneous mental outburst from the depths of the mind and consciousness, imprinted on paper or embodied in material. He turns to the art of the mentally ill, people. Isolated from society, considering only their true artists, possessing the subjectivity that gives a person a true individuality.
At first, Dubuffet copied their style in his works, creating deliberately primitive, “barbaric” forms and images, figurative and abstract, striking with unexpected color schemes and a kind of awkward manner of writing. And in 1948, together with surrealist writer Andre Breton and Spanish artist Anthony Tapies, he founded the Company of Brute Art in Paris, designed to preserve and study the art of marginals. The assembled or collection, numbering about 5,000 drawings, paintings, objects and sculptures, formed the basis of the Arbuttus Museum, founded in 1976 in Lausanne (Switzerland).
In contemporary art, the concept of “ar brut” includes the work of people who exist outside of society – mentally disabled people, all kinds of marginals, as well as works by J. Dubuffet inspired by these samples. Arbrut is part of a broader direction – Outsider Art (the art of outsiders), which has become a serious movement in the global art process over the past decade. In many respects, this is the merit of the radical and militant anti-intellectual Jean Dubuffet, who took a fresh look at the world.
Masters of Ar Brut: Jean Dubuffet, Anthony Tapies, Adolf Welfley, Henry Danger, Morton Bartlett, Rosemary Kochi, Paul Humphrey. Eugene von Brunchenhain.