The art of action, the abstraction of gestures
The art of action, the abstraction of gestures (from English action painting) is a trend in American painting of the mid-twentieth century, in which paint is spontaneously applied to the…

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Orphism
Orphism (French orphisme, named after the character of the ancient Greek mythology of the singer Orpheus) is a trend in European painting of the 1910s, close to cubism and futurism.…

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The new materiality
The new materiality (German Neue Sachlichkeit) is an art movement in German art of the 1920s - early 1930s, which represented the tradition of neoclassicism in the general context of…

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The new materiality

The new materiality (German Neue Sachlichkeit) is an art movement in German art of the 1920s – early 1930s, which represented the tradition of neoclassicism in the general context of the development of modernist art. The authorship of the term “New materiality” belongs to the director of the art gallery in Mannheim, G. Hartlaub, who called the direction of the “search for new materiality” an exhibition of works by young artists that took place at him in 1925. This trend, not formalized organizationally and sufficiently broad (due to the belonging of artists from different lands of Germany), existed until fascism came to power in 1933.

The participants in the New Materiality movement, striving to counter the alarming ecstasy of expressionism, proclaimed a “return to a positive and concrete reality.” The aesthetic concept of the direction was built on the assertion of the falsity of the real world, so the main goal is an adequate expression of the inadequacy of the world, a realistically recorded lack of reality, and the purpose of artistic creation is almost photographic accuracy of the image, not aiming to hide the ugliness of reality behind artistic decorativeness.

The artists of “New Materiality” called their method “magic realism”, since their art showed a special alienation from the depicted life, the specificity of its veristic description, shifting the emphasis from naturalism as such to its ultimate form – grotesque, within which emphasized realism and detail of the image was intended to generate the effect of unreality and implausibility of the depicted environment. From here came the search for participants in the field of artistic technology, localized in the field of resuscitation of the rigidity of the drawing, exaggerated plastic form, emphasized strict perspectives and static composition, which brought the New Materiality movement closer to Italian metaphysical painting.

Masters of the new materiality: Georg Gross, Otto Dicks, Max Beckmann, Alexander Canoldt, Georg Schrimpf, Eberhardt Wigener, Karl Grosberg, Heinrich Davringhausen.

Analytical cubism
Analytical cubism is the second phase of cubism, characterized by a gradual blurring of the differences between form and space and the disappearance of images of objects. In the paintings…

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Abstractionism
Abstractionism (from Latin abstraction– distraction, removal) is one of the directions in the art of the 20th century, the essence of which was the complete rejection of the depiction of…

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Decadence
Decadence (from French decadence or from Latin decadentia - decadence) is a direction in literature and art of the late XIX - early XX centuries, characterized by resistance to public…

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Classicism
Classicism (derived from the Latin classicus - exemplary) is an artistic style and aesthetic trend in European literature and art of the 17th - beginning of the 19th centuries, one…

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