Abstract expressionism
Abstract expressionism (Eng. Abstract expressionism) - a trend in abstract art that arose in the United States in the 1940s. and represented mainly by a flock of artists of the…

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Underground
Underground (from the English underground - underground, underground) is a series of artistic trends in contemporary art that oppose themselves to mass culture and the mainstream. The underground rejects and…

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Avant-gardism
Avant-gardism (from the French avant-garde - advanced detachment) - a set of experimental, modernist, emphasized unusual, exploratory endeavors in the art of the 20th century. The avant-garde directions are: Fauvism,…

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The new materiality

The new materiality (German Neue Sachlichkeit) is an art movement in German art of the 1920s – early 1930s, which represented the tradition of neoclassicism in the general context of the development of modernist art. The authorship of the term “New materiality” belongs to the director of the art gallery in Mannheim, G. Hartlaub, who called the direction of the “search for new materiality” an exhibition of works by young artists that took place at him in 1925. This trend, not formalized organizationally and sufficiently broad (due to the belonging of artists from different lands of Germany), existed until fascism came to power in 1933.

The participants in the New Materiality movement, striving to counter the alarming ecstasy of expressionism, proclaimed a “return to a positive and concrete reality.” The aesthetic concept of the direction was built on the assertion of the falsity of the real world, so the main goal is an adequate expression of the inadequacy of the world, a realistically recorded lack of reality, and the purpose of artistic creation is almost photographic accuracy of the image, not aiming to hide the ugliness of reality behind artistic decorativeness.

The artists of “New Materiality” called their method “magic realism”, since their art showed a special alienation from the depicted life, the specificity of its veristic description, shifting the emphasis from naturalism as such to its ultimate form – grotesque, within which emphasized realism and detail of the image was intended to generate the effect of unreality and implausibility of the depicted environment. From here came the search for participants in the field of artistic technology, localized in the field of resuscitation of the rigidity of the drawing, exaggerated plastic form, emphasized strict perspectives and static composition, which brought the New Materiality movement closer to Italian metaphysical painting.

Masters of the new materiality: Georg Gross, Otto Dicks, Max Beckmann, Alexander Canoldt, Georg Schrimpf, Eberhardt Wigener, Karl Grosberg, Heinrich Davringhausen.

Decadence
Decadence (from French decadence or from Latin decadentia - decadence) is a direction in literature and art of the late XIX - early XX centuries, characterized by resistance to public…

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Neo-impressionism
Neo-impressionism - (French neoimpressionisme) - a kind of post-impressionism; the artistic direction in painting that arose in France around 1885, the main theorist and inspirer of which was Georges Seurat.…

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Academism
Academism (from the French academisme) is a direction in European painting of the 16th-19th centuries. It was based on dogmatic following the external forms of classical art. Followers characterized this…

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Impressionism
Impressionism (from French impression - impression) is a trend in European painting that originated in France in the mid-19th century. Impressionists avoided all the details in the drawing and tried…

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